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Model Tenancy Act


According to Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Model Tenancy Act has been rectified by only four states, i.e., Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Assam.


GS-III: Indian Economy (Growth and Development of Indian Economy)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is the Model Tenancy Act?
  2. Significance

What is the Model Tenancy Act?

  • Model Tenancy Act, 2019, a tenancy law in India, was designed to rebuild tenancy market seeking to replace archaic rental laws of India and to solve housing availability deficit.
  • The Act seeks to penalize recalcitrant tenants for refusing to move out of their rental properties after the agreed-upon rental period expires.
  • The landlord will be able to claim double of the monthly rent for two months and four times of the monthly rent after that as compensation.
  • The Act stipulates that a landlord cannot refuse to provide essential utilities and access to common facilities. This has been a fairly common grouse of tenants in the past.
  • The landlord will also not be able to increase the rent without giving at least three months’ notice to the tenant, and cannot increase rent in the middle of a rental term.
  • In order to bring transparency, fix accountability and promote fairness in the rental housing segment, the policy proposes setting up of a rent authority.
  • The Act will help in achieving the target of “Housing for All by 2022”.
  • The Act is not binding on the states as land and urban development remain state subjects.


  • In order to quickly resolve conflicts and other relevant issues, the authority will offer a method.
  • It will contribute to a nationwide revamp of the legal system governing rental homes.
  • In order to overcome the severe housing shortage, it is anticipated to boost private investment in rental housing.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023