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National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization


All cases of organ transplants will be allocated a unique National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO)-ID for both the donor and the recipient, according to a recent directive by the Union Health Ministry.


GS II: Regulatory Bodies

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Features
  2. About National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO)

Key Features

Directive by Union Health Ministry:

  • The Union Health Ministry has issued a directive to eradicate commercial dealings in organs, particularly those involving foreign citizens.

Mandatory NOTTO-ID:

  • NOTTO-ID is essential for considering the allocation of organs in deceased donor transplants.
  • For living donor transplants, the ID should be generated within 48 hours after the transplant surgery.
  • Hospitals are required to generate NOTTO-ID from the NOTTO website.

Stricter Monitoring:

  • The Health Ministry has called for enhanced monitoring of such transplants by local authorities.

About National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO)


  • NOTTO is a national-level organization established under the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • It operates as the apex centre for:
    • Procurement and distribution of organs and tissues.
    • Registry of Organs and Tissues Donation and Transplantation in the country.

Divisions of NOTTO:

  1. National Human Organ and Tissue Removal and Storage Network:
    • Functions as the apex centre for all India activities related to the procurement and distribution of organs and tissues.
    • Mandated as per the Transplantation of Human Organs (Amendment) Act 2011.
  2. National Biomaterial Centre (National Tissue Bank):
    • Established to bridge the gap between demand and supply and ensure quality assurance in the availability of various tissues.
    • Activities include coordination for tissue procurement and distribution, donor tissue screening, removal and storage of tissues, preservation of tissues, laboratory screening, tissue tracking, sterilization, records maintenance, data protection and confidentiality, quality management in tissues, patient information, development of guidelines, protocols and standard operating procedures, and training.

-Source: The Hindu


May 2024