Focus: GS I- Festivals
Why in News?
The Prime Minister of India greets the people on the occasion of Bohang Bihu, Puthandu, Maha vishuba pana sankranti, Vishu and Baisakthi.
About Maha vishuba pana sankranti:
- Pana Sankranti, also known as Maha Bishuba Sankranti is the traditional new year day festival of Odia people in Odisha.
- The festival is celebrated on the first day of the traditional solar month of Meṣa, hence equivalent lunar month Baisakha.
- Pana Sankranti and the rituals associated with it can also be considered to be an attempt to beat the wrath of the summer.
- It is also known as Baisakhi and is celebrated by Hindus and Sikhs as the start of the Hindu Solar New Year. It honours Guru Gobind Singh’s creation of the Khalsa panth of warriors in 1699.
- Baisakhi was also the day on which colonial British empire officials carried out the Jallianwala Bagh massacre at a gathering, a pivotal event in the Indian independence movement.
- It is a Hindu festival observed in the Indian state of Kerala, the Tulu Nadu region of Karnataka, the Mahé district of the Union Territory of Pondicherry, and the diaspora groups of Tamil Nadu.
- The event falls on the first day of Medam, Kerala’s ninth month according to the solar calendar.
- As a result, it always falls in the middle of April on the 14th or 15th of April in the Gregorian calendar.
- The first day of the year on the Tamil calendar, also known as Puthuvarudam or Tamil New Year, is traditionally celebrated as a feast.
- The event is held on the first day of the Tamil month Chithirai, which corresponds to the solar cycle of the lunisolar Hindu calendar. Every year on the Gregorian calendar, it falls on or around April 14th.
About Bohag Bihu:
- Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu, also known as Xaat Bihu (seven Bihus), is a traditional aboriginal ethnic festival celebrated by the indigenous ethnic groups of Assam in the state of Assam and other parts of northeastern India.
- It marks the start of the Assamese New Year and usually falls in the second week of April, historically signifying the time of harvest.