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NO EVIDENCE OF COMMUNITY TRANSMISSION, SCARCITY OF DRUGS, DEVICES IMMINENT

Why in news?

  • The Union Health Ministry on Friday denied evidence of community transmission (CT) of COVID-19 while reporting at least 700 new cases since 9th April 2020.
  • A countrywide shortage of medicines and medical devices is likely in the coming weeks, the Department of Pharmaceuticals has warned the Home Ministry.

Denial of Community transmission

Machine generated alternative text:
New 
high 
On Thursday, 
859 new 
COVID-19 
cases were 
recorded 
in India, 
the highest 
single day 
spike yet 
Mar. 16 
As of 10 p.m. on Friday, 
847 new cases 
were recorded 
Apr. 2 
750 
500 
250 
Apr. 10 
No distancing: A jostling crowd at the Keshopur vegetable 
market in West Delhi on Friday. •SHIV KUMAR PUSHPAKAR
  • There was evidence for community transmission — or instances of coronavirus (COVID-19) in patients who had no established contact with someone who had picked up the disease from abroad — from as early as March 22, suggests a research study in the Indian Journal of Medical Research, authored by several ICMR scientists.
  • The ICMR’s official position continues to be that there is no evidence for community transmission.
  • The Ministry’s response follows an Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) report.
  • The World Health Organisation describes Community Transmission as when there are large clusters of outbreaks when it is no longer possible to trace the original source of an infection.
  • Over the last few weeks, there have been reports from several States of people testing positive but who were unable to explain the possible source of the infection.
  • However, the Health Ministry has consistently maintained that this was not evidence for CT.

Concern of Scarcity of Drugs and Devices

Machine generated alternative text:
A bitter pill 
The Indian pharma industry is hit hard by the restrictions 
imposed during the lockdown 
• Ancillary 
industries such 
as packaging 
and raw material 
suppliers are 
shut 
• As close to 
of the 
pharmaceutical 
output is 
exported by 
India, the 
domestic 
market is 
more 
vulner- 
able to 
such 
production 
shocks 
• Pharma and 
medical device 
producers are 
operating at just 
20 to of 
their capacity 
• Reverse 
migration and 
the inability of 
local workers 
to turn up has 
reduced their 
labour force 
• Lack of 
adequate 
transport and 
logistics 
services (such 
as couriers) 
• Mistreatment 
by police and 
local officials 
• Lack of clarity 
on permits for 
factory 
operations 
e
  • Department of Pharmaceuticals has urged the Home Ministry to take immediate steps to help drug makers resume production under the current lockdown as a countrywide shortage of medicines and medical devices is likely in the coming weeks.
  • Drug and medical device makers are functioning  on an average, at only 20%-30% capacity during the lockdown.
  • If the production does not reach the pre-lockdown level soon, it could lead to shortages of medicines and medical devices in the coming weeks.
  • Half of India’s output of pharmaceuticals is exported as global markets offer better prices
  • Production units engaged in making essential commodities, including medicines, vaccines, masks and their ancillaries had been exempted from the restrictions imposed as per the three-week national lockdown announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 24.

Requests by the Department of Pharmaceuticals

  • Dept. of Pharmaceuticals urged the Home Ministry to allow the pharma industry to ‘ferry back their contractual workers from their native places’ and make courier services ‘fully functional’ in metro cities as well as Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities.
  • State and district administrations need to be sensitised and nudged to be proactive to fulfil the need for pharma units to function fully.
  • There is a dire need to not only address the apprehensions of the pharmaceutical distribution related drivers but also to motivate/incentivise them (with insurance, etc.).
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October 2022
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