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Nolamba Dynasty

Context:

Ancient inscriptions, hero stones, and idols of Shiva Linga and Nandi have been unearthed during recent research about the history of Nolamba Pallavas.

Relevance:

GS I: History

The Nolamba Dynasty:

Historical Significance:

  • A significant political power in South India, the Nolambas held sway from the 8th to the 12th centuries C.E.

Territorial Dominance:

  • Ruled over Nolambavadi, covering southeast Karnataka, parts of Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Initially, served as feudatories to various powers, including Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami, Gangas, Rashtrakutas, and later, Chalukyas of Kalyani.

Capital Shifts:

  • Capital was initially Chitradurga, later shifted to Hemavati in modern Andhra Pradesh during the 8th to 10th centuries AD.

Self-Identification:

  • Referred to themselves as Nolamba Pallava in inscriptions, suggesting a connection with the Pallava family.

Founder and Origin:

  • Mangala Nomabathi Raja (735–785 A.D.) is considered the founder.
  • Originated as governors during the supremacy of Pallavas and Chalukyas.

Political Changes:

  • Initially, feudatories of Pallavas due to territorial changes after Pallava ruler Mamalla Narasimhavarman I seized Badami.
  • Later, aligned with Chalukyas under Vikramaditya I after Chalukyas regained lost territories.

Decline:

  • Overrun by Ganga king Marasimha, marked by his title Nolambakulantaka.

Temple Complexes:

  • Three notable temple complexes attributed to the dynasty: Kalleshwara Temple in Aralaguppe, Bhoganandishwara Temple in Nandi, and Ramalingeshwara Temple in Avani.

-Source: Indian Express


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