- National Crime Records Bureau
(NCRB) records on accidental deaths and suicides shows that suicide rate
in deeply stressed agrarian sector accounted for 7.7% of total (134,516)
suicides in India.
- 10,349 farmers and
agricultural labourers committed suicide in 2018.
- The year before – 10,655
cases were noted, so only a marginal 306 reduction.
- The fact that over 10,000
farmers and agricultural labourers committed suicide is a bigger concern
than marginal increase on decrease in the various numbers.
- Problem in data, such as
efforts by states to downplay suicides and tinkering with the definition
of farmers. This would present a watered down version of the real picture.
- Example, 66 suicides were
rejected by authorities in Karnataka on the grounds that the suicides were
for reasons other than the agrarian crisis in the state.
- 2018 also saw a sharp
increase in farmer protests across the country and triggered a wave of
- Maharashtra had highest share
in farm-related suicides (34.7%) and Karnataka had the second highest
- West Bengal, Bihar,
Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, Goa and Union territories reported zero farmer
- Farmer sector has been under
presser due to:
- Recurring droughts and
- Declining income from
- Plummeting price of produce
- Lack of minimum support
- Shrinking land holdings
- Other factors such as Falling
Consumer Expenditure and Rural wages also have an impact on the agrarian