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PIB 21st May 2021

CONTENTS

  1. KHARIF STRATEGY 2021
  2. COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA
  3. DEENDAYAL ANTYODAYA YOJANA- NATIONAL RURAL LIVELIHOOD MISSION

KHARIF STRATEGY 2021

Focus: GS III- Agriculture

Why in news?

To achieve self-sufficiency in edible oils Union Government formulates Kharif Strategy 2021.

Key points:

  • Under the strategy, the Government of India has approved an ambitious plan for the free distribution of high yielding varieties of seeds to the farmers for the Kharif season 2021 in the form of mini-kits.
  • The special Kharif programme will bring an additional 6.37 lakh hectare area under oilseeds and is likely to produce 120.26 lakh quintals of oilseeds and edible oil amounting to 24.36 lakh quintals.
  • To become Aatmanirbhar in oilseeds, Union Agriculture Minister also put emphasis on enhancing the productivity of oilseeds by increasing the availability of high yielding varieties of seeds for the farmers to use on their fields.
  • Through these consultations, both area and productivity enhancement has been formulated for soybean and groundnut with a focus on high yielding varieties of seeds to be provided free of cost under the National Food Security Mission (Oil Seeds and Oil Palm) Mission.

About National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm

The Government of India through the National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm has the objective to augment the availability of edible oils and reduce the import of edible oils by increasing the production and productivity of oilseeds and oil palm.

To this end a multi-pronged strategy is being adopted which includes the following:

  • Increasing the seed replacement ratio with focus on varietal replacement
  • Increasing irrigation coverage
  • Nutrient management
  • Intercropping with cereals/pulses/sugarcane
  • Productivity improvement and adoption of proven and climate-resilient technologies
  • Area expansion through diversification of low yielding food grains.
  • Targeting rice fallow areas and high potential districts
  • Promotion in non-traditional states
  • Encouraging mechanization
  • Research projects
  • Training of farmers and extension officials
  • Supporting cluster demonstrations for the adoption of good agricultural practices
  • Creation of 36 oilseed hubs with a focus on regional approach for larger availability of quality seeds
  • Post-harvest management at  farm and village level
  • Formation of Farmer Producer Organisations

COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA

Focus: GS II- Polity and Governance (Government Interventions)

Why in news?

Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs virtually commemorated the 12th Annual Day of the Competition Commission of India.

About competition commission of India:

Nodal: Ministry of corporate affairs

Competition Commission of India (CCI) is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing the Competition Act, 2002.

Competition Commission of India aims to establish a robust competitive environment.

  • Through proactive engagement with all stakeholders, including consumers, industry, government and international jurisdictions.
  • By being a knowledge intensive organization with high competence level.
  • Through professionalism, transparency, resolve and wisdom in enforcement.
Composition of CCI
  • The Commission consists of one Chairperson and six Members.
  • The commission is a quasi-judicial body .
  • Eligibility of members: The Chairperson and every other Member shall be a person of ability, integrity and standing and who, has been, or is qualified to be a judge of a High Court, or, has special knowledge of, and professional experience of not less than fifteen years in international trade, economics, business, commerce, law, finance, accountancy, management, industry, public affairs, administration or in any other matter which, in the opinion of the Central Government, may be useful to the Commission.

DEENDAYAL ANTYODAYA YOJANA- NATIONAL RURAL LIVELIHOOD MISSION

Focus: GS II- Government Policies and Interventions

Why in news?

In response to the rapid surge of COVID-19 cases, Deendayal Antodayay Yojana- National Rural Livelihoods Mission, Ministry of Rural Development initiated online trainings for State Rural Livelihoods Mission (SRLM) staff across 34 states and union territories under its fold.

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission:

  • It is a centrally sponsored programme, launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in June 2011.
  • To eliminate rural poverty through the promotion of multiple livelihoods and improved access to financial services for the rural poor households across the country.
  • To reach out to all rural poor households and impact their livelihoods.

The objective of the Mission is to promote sustainable livelihoods for the poor such that they come out of poverty. The institutions of the poor are intended to facilitate

  • Access to formal credit;
  • Support for diversification and strengthening of livelihoods;
  • Access to entitlements and public services.
Functioning:
  • It involves working with community institutions through community professionals in the spirit of self-help which is a unique proposition of DAY-NRLM.
  • It impacts the livelihoods through universal social mobilization by inter alia organising one-woman member from each rural poor household into Self Help Groups (SHGs), their training and capacity building, facilitating their micro-livelihoods plans, and enabling them to implement their livelihoods plans through accessing financial resources from their own institutions and the banks.
Implementation:
  • It is implemented in a Mission mode by special purpose vehicles (autonomous state societies) with dedicated implementation support units at the national, state, district and block levels, using professional human resources in order to provide continuous and long-term handholding support to each rural poor family.

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