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PIB 21st November 2020

Contents

  1. The Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)
  2. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Ji
  3. Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)
  4. Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG)
  5. World Fisheries Day
  6. Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series

THE COMPREHENSIVE CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM (CCIT)

Focus:  GS 3;Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Why in News?

Vice President calls upon the world community to come together to isolate nations that sponsor terrorism

About The Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)

  • In 1996, with the objective of providing a comprehensible legal framework to counter terrorism, India proposed to the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) the adoption of the “Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism” (CCIT).
Comprehensive Convention On International Terrorism | Terrorist Attacks|  Latest Current Affair 2017 - YouTube
  • The India, which has been a victim of cross-border terrorism, took cognizance of the threat it poses to international peace and security long before the major world powers.
  • The CCIT will provide legal framework which will make it binding on all signatories to deny funds and safe havens to terrorist groups, the original draft that was tabled in 1996 and discussed until April 2013.

Major Objectives of CCIT

  1. To have a universal definition of terrorism that all 193-members of the UNGA will adopt into their own criminal law.
  2. To ban all terror groups and shut down terror camps.
  3. To prosecute all terrorists under special laws.
  4. To make cross-border terrorism an extraditable offense worldwide.
Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism current affairs ias  mains exam, upsc weekly current affairs compilation free pdf

Above image attached explains the CCIT and its basic Concerns.

About definition of terrorism

  • According to this convention, Any person who commits an offense, with the purpose of the conduct is to intimidate a population or to compel a Government or an international organization to do or abstain from doing any act, which causes:
  • Death or serious bodily injury to any person; or
  • Serious damage to public or private property, including a place of public use, a State or government facility, a public transportation system, an infrastructure facility or the environment; or
  • Damage to property, places, facilities, or systems resulting in or likely to result in a major economic loss.

About the Global Impact of Terrorism

  1. There was no change in the five countries most impacted by terrorism, which include Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Syria and Pakistan. All of these countries have been ranked in the worst five every year since 2013.
  1. The Conflict continued to be the primary driver of terrorist activity for the countries most impacted by terrorism in 2017.
  1. In 2017, terrorist attacks in conflict countries averaged 2.4 deaths, compared to 0.84 deaths in non-conflict countries. Terrorist attacks are more lethal on average in countries with a greater intensity of conflict. In 2017, countries in a state of war averaged 2.97 deaths per attack, compared to 1.36 in countries involved in a minor armed conflict.
  1. There are numerous possible reasons for this difference, countries in conflict have a greater availability of more military-grade small arms and bomb-making capabilities.
  1. Countries that are not in conflict tend to be more economically-developed and spend more on intelligence gathering, policing and counterterrorism.

About the concerns expressed by various countries regarding the Convention

  • The US and its  allies concerns over definition of terrorism, including acts by US soldiers in international interventions without UN mandate.
  • The Latin American countries concerns over international humanitarian laws being ignored.
  • There are also concerns that convention will be used to target Pakistan and restrict rights of self-determination groups in Palestine, Kashmir etc.
  • The Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) wants exclusion of national liberation movements, especially in the context of Israel-Palestinian conflict. It was argued that there is a need to distinguish acts of terrorism from movements for self-determination so that legitimate movements are not labeled as criminal acts of terrorism.

About PM Modi’s 10 Point Agenda to counter the Menace of Terrorism as shown in the below image

PM MODI'S ID-POINT AGENDA TO COUNTER THE MENACE OF TERRORISM 
Banning entry of terrorist supporting countries in the 
G20 group. 
• Exchange of suspected terrorist list among the G-20 nations and 
joint action against them. 
G20 GERMANY 2017 
HAMBURG 
• Simplify and expedite extradition and other legal processes. 
• Adoption of comprehensive convention on International Terrorism. 
• proper implementations of United Nations security council 
resolutions and other countries. 
• Joint efforts for best practices in de-radicalisation programme by 
620 nations. 
• Closure of terrorist financing sources through FATF (Financial 
Action Task Force). 
• Creation of Weapon Explosive Action Task Force (WEATF) to 
crackdown on the sources of supply of arms to terror outfits. 
• cooperation between G20 nations on cvber security in order to 
fight terrorism. 
• Formation ofthe mechanism for National security 
Advisors on counter-terrorism in G20. 
O f /BJP41ndia e• /+BJP www.bjp.org

Way Forward

  • To create an effective mechanism to counter terrorism it is necessary that countries should agree upon a definition of terrorism.
  • The Countries should not look from the prism of their self-interest rather look into the issue through a broader perspective of solving the problem of global menace of terrorism.

Extra Info

About the Existing Laws in India to stop Terrorism

  • In India has time and again formulated laws to deal with terrorism. Currently, the Unlawful Activities (prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA) is the primary anti– terrorism law in force in India.
  • The below laws are there in India to deal with Terrorism they are as follows
    1. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA)
    2. Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, 1987 (TADA)
    3. The Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, 1999 (MCOCA)
    4. Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002
    5. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) a Central Agency to Deal with Terror Related Crimes. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is a central counter-terrorism agency functioning under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

Please click on this link and Refer detailed explanation about UAPA Act 1967


PANDIT DEENDAYAL UPADHYAY Ji

Focus:  GS 1; The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

Why in News?

PM at 8th Convocation of Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat

About Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Ji

  • The Pandit Ji born in Mathura, UP in 1916, Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay is an Indian politician.
  • He was one of the most important leaders of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the forerunner of the present day Bharatiya Janata Party.
  • He qualified the civil services examination, where he got his nickname as Panditji for appearing in the examination hall wearing traditional dhoti-kurta and cap.
  • He however did not join the service, but became in 1942, a life-time volunteer of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
  • However, Upadhyaya is seen to have played a larger role in India’s thought process and political life, transcending party lines.
Image may contain: 1 person

About the Ideals of Pandit Ji

  • The concept of Integral Humanism he propounded envisages remedies for the post-globalization maladies of the world.
  • The Upadhyaya Ji conceived a classless, casteless and conflict-free social order. 
  • He stressed on the ancient Indian wisdom of oneness of the human kind.
  • For him, the brotherhood of a shared, common heritage was central to political activism. He emphasized on coexistence and harmony with nature.
  • He conceptualized an alternative approach which was free from the dialectics of competition and envy, a third way from the inertia of Capitalism and Communism.
  • He was a pioneer of many political experiments. He was the architect of the first coalition phase in Indian politics.
  • The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Ji was an advocate of less government and more governance.
  • He believed in self-sustaining autonomous units, more power to states and decentralized and competitive federalism, solidly cemented on the cultural mosaic of our tradition, heritage and experience of the past.
Independence can be 
meaningful only if it becomes 
an instrument of expression 
for our culture." 
PANDIT DEENDAYAL UPADHYAYA

About Major Schemes in the name of Pandit Ji

  • The Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY) – integrating the NULM and NRLM for alleviating poverty.
  • The Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) Antyodaya Diwas – to diversify the incomes of rural poor families and to cater to the career aspirations of rural youth.
  • The Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana – to provide electricity to rural homes.
  • The Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Shramev Jayate Karyakram – to create a conducive environment for industrial development primarily through  skill training.
  • The Deendayal Upadhyaya Swaniyojan Yojana (DUSY) – the rural version of the Start Up India scheme.

AGRICULTURAL AND PROCESSED FOOD PRODUCTS EXPORT DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (APEDA)

Focus:  GS 3; Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Why in News?

APEDA has organised Virtual Buyer Seller Meets with potential importing Countries for product promotion of Indian agri products

About Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)

  • The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985. 
APEDA to spend more on pack houses
Image
  • The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) is an apex body under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India, responsible for the export promotion of agricultural products. 
Agricultural and Processed Food 
Products Export Development 
Authority 
Abbreviation 
Predecessor 
Formation 
Type 
Legal status 
Purpose 
Headquarters 
Chairman 
Parent 
organization 
Website 
APEOA 
Processed Food Export 
Promotion council (PFEPC) 
1986; 34 years ago 
Govemment Agency 
Active 
Export promotion of 
agricultural and processed 
food products 
New Delhi 
Or. M. Angamuthu (IAS) 
Ministry of Commerce and 
Industry, Government of India 
apeda_gov. in

About Origin and Purpose of APEDA

  • The APEDA was created under APEDA Act, 1985, by replacing the Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC) with additional responsibilities. Some of the functions of APEDA are as following;
  1. Promotion of exports of agricultural and processed food products. Promotion of export oriented production and development of the Scheduled products.
  2. To make Improvement in numerous areas such as packaging, marketing for the Scheduled products outside India.
  3. Setting standards and specifications for the scheduled products for the purpose of exports.
  4. Financial assistance, reliefs and subsidy to the relating industries.
  5. To provide training in the related areas.

UNIFIED MOBILE APPLICATION FOR NEW-AGE GOVERNANCE (UMANG)

Focus:  GS 2; Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.


Why in News?

Online conference under chairmanship of Union IT Minister to be organized to mark 3 Years of UMANG

About UMANG App

  • It is a unified, secure, multi-channel, multi-platform, multi-lingual, multi-service mobile app.
  • It is a Digital India initiative of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched in 2017.

About features of UMANG App

  • It provides seamless integration with popular customer centric services like Aadhaar and Digilocker.
  • It provides a unified approach where one can install one application to avail multiple government services.
  • It can be accessed on multiple channels like mobile application, web, and SMS which can be accessed through smartphones, tablets and desktops.
  • It has a rich multimedia interface with a focus on maximizing usability and enriching user experience.
  • The Services provided by the app are as follows
  • It is a unified application that can be used to avail a number of pan India e-government services such as
  1. Filing income tax, 
  2. Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) services,
  3. Aadhar,
  4. Pension,
  5. e- Patashala,
  6. e- Land Records,
  7. Crop Insurance etc.
umang 
Unified Mobile Application for New- 
age Governance 
UMANG 
Developer(s) 
Initial release 
Government of India 
November 2017, 3 years 
ago 
Operating system Android, iOS, Windows , 
Available in 
Type 
KaiOS 
13 Languages of India 
Online service provider, 
DigiLocker, Bharat Bill 
Payment System 
Li#o$vate hvmv/if'eygrecproprietary 
W@bsite 
Settings
Billede

Above image of UMANG App and its features

  • The below image depicts the features and services of UMANG App.
Women & Child 
Farmer 
Students 
Youth 
Activate Windows 
Go to Settings to activa 
All ENGAGEMENT at one place 
All TRANSACTIONS at one place

WORLD FISHERIES DAY

Focus:  GS 3; Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Why in News?

Department of Fisheries celebrates World Fisheries Day; Awards best performing States in Fisheries Sector for the first time to promote healthy competition among States

About World Fisheries Day 2020

  • The World Fisheries Day is celebrated on 21 November every year throughout the world by the fisherfolk communities.
  • It highlights the importance of healthy oceans ecosystems and to ensure sustainable stocks of fisheries in the world2020 is the fourth World Fisheries Day.
  • The Indian fish market was worth INR 1,110 Billion in 2018.
  • The market is further projected to reach INR 1,998 Billion by 2024, growing at a CAGR of 10.2% during 2019-2024.
Unregulated 
Reducing illegal' —inab\e Fiss 
16- 21 
•es 
NOVEMBER 
+ Fisheries dialogues 
2020 
•:• Fish Harvest 
Fisheries Business Convetition Awa(S 
+ Luncheon 
MINISTRY AGRKULTURE. ANIMAL 
INDUSTRY AND FISHERIES 
Host: Bugiri 
giz 
german 
cooperation

Above image of  World Fisheries Day 2020 and its Theme

About Importance of Fisheries for India

  • The India is the second major producer of fish through aquaculture in the world.
  • The India is the 4th largest exporter of fish in the world as it contributes 7.7% to the global fish production.
  • The fish constituted about 10% of total exports from India and almost 20% of agriculture exports in 2017-18.
  • The fisheries and aquaculture production contribute around 1% to India’s GDP and over 5% to the agricultural GDP.
  • Around 28 million people are employed in the fisheries sector in India.
  • The sector has immense potential to more than double the fishers and fish farmers’ incomes, as envisioned by the government.

About Indian Government’s Effort to Improve Fisheries

  • The Establishment of Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure and Development Fund (FIDF) during 2018-19.
  • The Pradhan Mantra Matsya Sampada Yojana the programme aims to achieve 22 million tonnes of fish production by 2024-25. Also, it is expected to create employment opportunities for 55 lakh people.
  • The focus on Blue Revolution  it focuses on creating an enabling environment for integrated and holistic development and management of fisheries for the socio-economic development of the fishers and fish farmers.
  • The extension of  Kisan Credit Card facilities to fishers and fish farmers to help them in meeting their working capital needs.
Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure 
Development Fund 
(FIDF) 
Sectors/ Activities that will be Focussed 
Establishment of Fishing Harbours, Fish Landing 
Centres and infrastructure for Mariculture and 
Advanced Inland Fisheries. 
Construction of Ice Plants, Cold Storages, Fish 
Transport and Cold Chain Network. 
Development of Modern Fish Markets, Fish 
Processing Units and Fish Feed Mills/PIants. 
Setting up of Brood Banks, Hatcheries, Aquacul- 
ture, Mariculture. 
Modernization of State Fish Seed Farms & 
establishment of Fisheries Training Centres. 
Establishment of Cage culture in Reservoirs & 
introduction of Deep Sea Fishing Vessels. 
FIDF will generate close 
to 9.4 lakh direct and 
indirect jobs in fishing and 
allied activities 
AMS ofFIDF 
To augment fish 
production to 20 MMT by 
2022-23 
Post-haræst losses are 
expected to reduce to 
10-15% during next five 
years by 2022-23 from 
the existing 20-25%

Above image about Fisheries and Infrastructure and Development (FIDF).

Transforming Fisheries Sector 
- Supporting Livelihoods 
Creation of Department of Fisheries 
TO provide sustained and focused attention towards holistic 
development of fisheries and welfare of fishers and fish farmers 
To provide requisite impetus towards economic empowerment 
Of fishers and fish farmers 
Major Schemes and Programmes 
Scheme "Blue Revolution" 
implemented wth Central outlay of Rs. WOO crore 
"Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development 
Fund" (FIDF) to the tune Of Rs. 7522 crore created in 
1 2018-19 
Benefits of 'Kisan Credit Cards' (KCC) to 
and fish farmers to meet their working capnal ne«is 
Empowerment of fishermen in Deep Sea 
by providing requisite skills and assistance for purchase Of 
National Policy on Marine Fisheries, 2017 announced 
Government Of India 
Ministry Of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare 
Department Of Fisheries 
Significant Growth in Fisheries 
Fish production all time high 
at 126.14 lakh tonnes (2017-18) with an 
average annual growth of 7.14% for the last 
Export earning from fisheries sector 
registered at Rs. 45,106.89 crore during 
2017-1 B With an impressive average annual 
growth of 11.31% in last 4 years 
NAMUMKIN AB 
MUMKIN HAI 
NF08

Above image about Fisheries sector in India.

About Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)

  • The PMMSY is a scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India under two components namely, Central Sector Scheme (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).
  • The Scheme will be implemented during a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.
  • The Nodal Ministry is Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
  • The PMMSY aim and its objectives shown in the below attached image.
PIB India on Twitter: "#Cabinet approves Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada  Yojana (PMMSY) to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and  responsible development of fisheries sector in India Scheme envisages an  investment of
FISH 
FACTSHEET 
production 
in 2013 
Major fish consuming 
states/ UTS (per 
capita monthly 
consumption) 
I. Lakshadweep 
2. Kerala 
3. Goa 
4. West Bengal 
Top producing states 
Andhra Pradesh 
20.18 lakh tonnes 
West Bengal 
15.80 lakh tonnes 
Major contributor I 
L Vannamei, an exotic 
shrimp v iety 
95.79 
lakh tonne 
Total 
9.83 
lakh 
tonne 
Cost 
80,213cr 
Major 
importers 
I United 
States and 
Thailand 
Share of inland fisheries increased from 50% in 2000-01 to 
64% in 2013-14 
Source: Handbook on Fishery Statistics 2014

Above image of fish Facts about Indian states.


DEKHO APNA DESH WEBINAR SERIES

Focus:  GS 1; Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Why in News?

Ministry of Tourism organizes webinar on “India’s Hidden Gems “under Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series.

What is Dekho Apna Desh Series? - UPSC Competition Club - Quora

Please click on this link and Refer detailed explanation about Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series

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