- SWACHH SURVEKSHAN 2021
SWACHH SURVEKSHAN 2021
Focus: Government Policies and Interventions
Why in News?
Recently, the President awarded the respective cities in the 6th Edition of Swachh Survekshan (SS) 2021 for their performance in maintaining cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation.
- The ceremony was held at the ‘Swachh Amrit Mahotsav’, which is a celebration of the achievements of cities in the past seven years of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and a commitment from cities and citizens to move forward with renewed vigour in the next phase of Swachhata through Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0.
About Swachh Survekshan
Nodal: Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
- The Swachh Survekshan 2021 was introduced by the MoHUA in the year 2016.
- It was launched as a competitive framework in a bid to encourage the cities to improve their status of the urban sanitation.
- It also encourages the citizens to participate on a large scale. In the year 2016, when this initiative was launched, only 73 cities with million plus population were grown. But in the subsequent surveys, the number of cities increased.
- Since 2016, the cities are regularly filling their data and updating their progress in the MIS along with the other citizen centric campaign.
- The Swachh Survekshan was laid down the spirit of healthy competition between the cities and towns of India.
- The on-field assessments for the survekshan takes place in between January 4-31 every year. In the year 2021 it got delayed due to COVID-19 pandemic. The assessment will be conducted between 1-28 March 2021.
- The framework for the survekshan is redesigned innovatively each year in order to ensure that this process becomes stronger. This in order to maintain the sustainability in the sanitation value chain, indicators for the year 2021 will focus on parameters like wastewater treatment and reuse and the faecal sludge. It would also be focusing on the waste management and remediation of landfills.
Swachh Survekshan 2021 Categories:
Less than 1 lakh Population:
Vita, Lonavala, and Saswad cities from Maharashtra have ranked first, second, and third Cleanest Cities respectively.
More than 1 Lakh Population:
- For the 5th consecutive year, Indore (Madhya Pradesh) was awarded the title of India’s Cleanest City under Swachh Survekshan, while Surat and Vijayawada bagged the second and third spots respectively.
- Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover City’ thus securing a place among the top 100 cities at 87th position.
Best Ganga Town: Varanasi.
Cleanest Cantonment: Ahmedabad Cantonment, followed by Meerut Cantonment and Delhi Cantonment.
More than 100 Urban Local Bodies:
- Chhattisgarh has been awarded as the ‘Cleanest State’ of India for the 3rd consecutive year.
- Karnataka emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover State’.
Less than 100 Urban Local Bodies:
- Jharkhand won the ‘Cleanest State’ of India for the second time in this category.
- Mizoram emerged as the ‘Fastest Mover State’.
Prerak Daaur Samman:
This is a new performance category introduced under SS 2021, five cities – Indore, Surat, Navi Mumbai, New Delhi Municipal Council and Tirupati were categorized as ‘Divya’ (Platinum).
5-star rated Garbage Free Cities in India:
- Under the Star Rating Protocol of Garbage Free Cities, 9 cities were certified as 5-star cities while 143 cities were certified as 3-star.
- The Star Rating Protocol was launched by MoHUA in 2018 to institutionalize a mechanism for cities to achieve Garbage Free status, and to motivate cities to achieve higher degrees of sustainable cleanliness.
- The nine 5-star rated cities are Indore, Surat, New Delhi Municipal Council, Navi Mumbai, Ambikapur, Mysuru, Noida, Vijayawada, and Patan.
About Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0
- SBM-U 2.0 envisions to make all cities ‘Garbage Free’
- To ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT
- To make all urban local bodies as ODF+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as ODF++, thereby achieving the vision of safe sanitation in urban areas.
- The Mission will focus on source segregation of solid waste, utilizing the principles of 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management.
- The outlay of SBM-U 2.0 is around ₹1.41 lakh crore.
Focus: GS III- Defence
Why in News?
The 37th edition of CORPAT between India and Indonesia will also witness participation of Maritime Patrol Aircraft from both Nations.
- The exercise, is being conducted as a ‘non-contact, “at sea only” exercise in view of COVID-19 pandemic and highlights the mutual trust, synergy and cooperation between the two friendly Navies.
- India and Indonesia have been carrying out Coordinated Patrols (CORPAT) along the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) twice in a year since 2002, with an aim of keeping this vital part of the Indian Ocean Region safe and secure for commercial shipping, international trade and conduct of legitimate maritime activities.
- CORPATs help build understanding and interoperability between navies, and facilitate institution of measures to prevent and suppress Illegal Unreported Unregulated (IUU) fishing, drug trafficking, maritime terrorism, armed robbery and piracy.
- As part of Government of India’s vision of SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region), Indian Navy has been proactively engaging with the countries in the Indian Ocean Region.
- India and Indonesia have traditionally enjoyed a close and friendly relationship covering a wide spectrum of activities and interactions, which have strengthened and institutionalised over the years. The Maritime interactions have been growing steadily between the two navies with frequent port visits, bilateral exercises and training exchanges.
- The 37th edition of IND-INDO CORPAT seeks to bolster the maritime cooperation between the two navies and forge strong bonds of friendship across the Indo Pacific.