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PIB 24th November 2020

Contents

  1. RE-Invest 2020
  2. Lachit Borphukan Ji
  3. Sir Chotu Ram Ji
  4. Cyclonic Storm “NIVAR”

RE-INVEST 2020

Focus:  GS 3;Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Why in News?

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will inaugurate the virtual 3rd Global Renewable Energy Investment Meeting and Expo (RE-Invest 2020).

LS3ANl

Please click on this link and Refer detailed Explanation about RE-Invest 2020.


LACHIT BORPHUKAN JI

Focus:  GS 1;The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

Why in News?

PM pays tribute to Lachit Borphukan on Lachit Diwas

About Lachit Borphukan Ji

  • The Lachit Borphukan (24 November 1622 – 25 April 1672) was a commander and Borphukan (Phu-Kon-Lung) in the Ahom kingdom, located in present-day Assam, India.
  • He was known for his leadership in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat that thwarted a drawn-out attempt by Mughal forces under the command of Ramsingh I to take over Ahom Kingdom, he died about a year later due to illness.

         Above image of Lachit Barphukan’s Statue at Jorhat, Assam, India.

  • The Battle of Saraighat was a naval battle fought in 1671 between the Mughal Empire (led by the Kachwaha king, Raja Ramsingh I), and the Ahom Kingdom (led by Lachit Borphukan) on the Brahmaputra river at Saraighat, now in Guwahati, Assam, India.
INJESTERS on Twitter: "The commander who beat back a sustained attack by  superior Mughal forces in 1671 - Lachit Borphukan - and he was a BIG guy…  https://t.co/mtLpue2O2M

Above image of 35-feet-high statue of Ahom general Lachit Borphukan and his army in the middle of the Brahmaputra.

  • On 24 November each year Lachit Divas (Lachit Day) is celebrated statewide in Assam to commemorate the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory of the Assamese army at the Battle of Saraighat.
  • The Lachit Divas is celebrated to promote the ideals of Lachit Borphukan the legendary general of Assam’s history.
_ MP*UKAN 
S AN AHO'å 
WHO DEFEATED 
• .THE . u 
GOWAHATI 
BATTLE OF 
IOD 1666-70. 
THE ELABORöTE' '*CES ORGAN*å 
BY HIM RIVER 
? • WATERWAY TO,' 
-•7EB COMPRISIN 
LARGE ARMY OF 
TuÅKl'H so.aoo INFANTÅY f 
. ANd 500 •CANNON 
NNED ay THE 
PORTUGESE. THE 
AL STÅGES OF THE 
BATTLE, DESPITE BEING SERIOUSLY ILL , 
HE RALLIED HIS SOLDERS AND PERSONALLY 
LED AN ASSAULT AGAIN - THE MUGHALS 
ON 22 APR 1670 F 
TO RETREAT. 
LACHIT DIED SOON 
S VICTORY AT 
THE SATTLE OF SARA'GHA 
LACHIT A GREAT MILITARY 
LEADER OF MEDIEVAL INDIA, IN THE MOL-ILO AND 
STATURE OF RANA PRATAP AND SHIVAJI_ HIS 
UNGUE RECORD OF INDOMITABLE COURAGE 
AS A CAMPAIGNER OF VICTORIES BOTH ON LAND 
AND WATER GIVES A SPECIAL PLACE IN THE

         Above image attached of Lachit bust at National Defense Academy pune Maharashtra.


SIR CHOTU RAM JI

Focus:  GS 1;The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

Why in News?

PM Pays Tribute to Sir Chotu Ram Ji on His Birth Anniversary

About Sir Chotu Ram Ji

  • Sir Chhotu Ram was a prominent politician in British India’s Punjab Province, an ideologue of the peasants of pre-Independent India.
  • He championed the interest of oppressed peasants of the Indian Sub-continent.
  • He tried to create a non-sectarian peasant group consciousness.
  • He formed the Unionist Party (Zamindara League) in 1923, which was a cross-communal alliance of Hindu, Jats and Muslim agriculturists.
  • He was awarded the title of ‘Rao Bahadur’ and was accorded knighthood in 1937.
  • He popularly came to be known as Deen Bandhu.
Sir Chhotu Ram 
. INDIA 
100 
Sir Chhotu Ram on a legs stamp of India 
Died 
24 November 1881 
Garhi Sampla-KiIoi (Vidhan 
Sabha constituency), Rohtak, 
Punjab, British India 
9 January 1945 (aged 63) 
Lahore, Punjab. British India 
Alma mater University of Delhi 
Political 
party 
Spouse(s) 
c IV te 
For the honesty of Social work, 
he was given the title of the Sir. 
Unionist Party 
Giano Devi 
Bir nder Singh (grandson) 
iåahe%der Singh Ohlian 
to SettinßGreat
  • He was the Alumni of St. Stephens College, Delhi.
  • He was the founder of National Unionist Party.
  • Sir Chhotu Ram rose to become Revenue Minister of undivided Punjab and was instrumental in empowering farmers in pre-Independence era and getting pro-farmers law enacted.
  • The modern concepts like debt settlement boards, caps on interest, the basic fairness to the tiller were included in these 1930s laws.
  • He is called as The father of Bhakra Nangal Dam.
  • He conceived of the Bhakra Dam way back in 1923,to rid the farmers of the so called economic plague spots of erstwhile Punjab state.
  • As a member of the pre-Partition Punjab Legislative Council, his first major achievement was the passage of the Punjab Land Revenue (Amendment) Act, 1929, which remains a landmark social legislation till date.
  • He was also the originator of the concept of compensating the farmer for at least the expenses incurred by him on farming.
  • Sir Chhotu Ram emerged as country’s first big agrarian reformer who stood up and fought for the rights of agriculturists.
  • He used to recite the following lines of the poet Iqbal quite often: “Raise thyself to such a height that God may himself ask you what do you wish to achieve”.
Image

CYCLONIC STROM “NIVAR”

Focus: GS1: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Why in News?

PM speaks to TN CM and Puducherry CM regarding the situation in the wake of Cyclone Nivar.

About Cyclone “NIVAR”

  • The Cyclone “NIVAR” to cross Tamilnadu-Puducherry coasts between Karaikal and Mamallapuram as a very severe cyclonic storm.
  • The depression over Gulf of Aden and adjoining Somalia weakened into a well marked low pressure area.
Image
Image

Above images attached the showing the depression of Cyclone “NIVAR” and its path of flowing.

Please click on this link and Refer detailed Explanation about Tropical Cyclones.

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