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PIB 30th October


  1. Sardar Sarovar Dam.
  2. 15th Finance Commission.
  3. Minimum Support Price.
  4. Jal Jeevan Mission.
  5. Khadi and Village Industry (KVIC).

Sardar Sarovar Dam.

Focus:  GS 1; Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.

Paper 1; Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

Why in News?

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated dynamic lighting for the Sardar Sarovar Dam. He unveiled the website of Statue of Unity in all the UN official languages and launched the Kevadia App, at the Unity Glow Garden. He inaugurated and visited the Cactus Garden.

About Sardar Sarovar Dam;-

  • The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Narmada river in Kevadiya near Navagam, Gujarat in India. Four Indian states, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, receive water and electricity supplied from the dam.
  • The Dam name is kept based on India’s First Deputy PM i.e. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ,popularly referred to as “IRON MAN OF INDIA”.
First Deputy Prime Minister OF India

Above attached image of Shri Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Ji.

allabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was 
Oct 31 1875 
Father of 
& Central 
Was India's 
first Home 
Minister and 
Deputy Prime 
princely states were 
integrated by him into 
the Indian federation 
" Your goodness is 
impediment in your way, 
so let your eyes be red 
with anger, and try to fight 
the injustice with a firm 
hand." - samar patel
  • The foundation stone of the project was laid out by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 5 April 1961.
  • The construction for dam begun in 1987, but the project was stalled by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 in the backdrop of Narmada Bachao Andolan over concerns of displacement of people. 
  • One of the 30 dams planned on river Narmada, Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) is the largest structure to be built. It is the second largest concrete dam in the world in terms of the volume of concrete used to construct dam after the Grand Coulee dam across River Columbia, US.
  • It is a part of the Narmada Valley Project, a large hydraulic engineering project involving the construction of a series of large irrigation and hydroelectric multi-purpose dams on the Narmada river. 

            Above attached image is of Location of Sardar Sarovar dam in Gujarat.

The two power houses at the Sardar Sarovar Project are to have a joint capacity of 450 MW The power is to be shared by Madhya Pradesh, 
Maharashtra and Gularat tn the ratio of respectively 
HOSha O am 
Kola' Dam 
Chinn Dam 
Starewa O am 
Rami Dam 
Narmada River 
Punasa O. m 
ha pay 
0m eshwat 
Sichl.l Canal 
Narmada Basin 
Sardar Sarovar Dam 
Buthnet Dam 
ROS'* Dam 
B Chh'a Darn 

Above image is of Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat.

About Narmada River;-

  • The Narmada River, also called the Reva and previously also known as Narbada (Nerbudda). It is also known as “Life Line of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat” for its huge contribution to the state of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat in many ways.
Narmada River Jabalpur India.jpg

Above attached image of Narmada River at Bhedaghat in Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh, India.

  • Narmada rises from Amarakantak Plateau in Anuppur district Madhya Pradesh.
  • It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India and flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km (815.2 mi) before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km (18.6 mi) west of Bharuch city of Gujarat.
Narmada Amarkantak 
Omkareshwar aherghat 

         Attached above image of Narmada River Map.

Which river divided Malwa and the Deccan Plateau? - Quora
  • Below are the Narmada river and its tributaries mentioned in below table;-
 LeftBurhner River, Banjar River, Sher River, Shakkar River, Dudhi River, Tawa River, Ganjal River, Chhota Tawa River, Kaveri River, Kundi River, Goi River, Karjan River
 RightHiran River, Tendoni River, Choral River, Kolar River, Man River, Uri River, Hatni River, Orsang River
West Flowing Peninsular Rivers: Narmada, Tapti, Sabarmati, Mahi, Luni &  Ghaggar | PMF IAS

Above image is of Narmada River basin and its Tributaries.

  • In Indian history, Kannada emperor from chalukya dynasty Pulakeshin II is said to have defeated emperor Harshavardhan of Kannauj on the banks of Narmada.
  • The valley is famous for the gorgeous Maheshwari saris, which are handwoven and are comfortable in warm and cold weather, dressy and yet light, these saris have a dedicated, select following among Indian women.
  • Narmada is one of only three major rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west (longest west flowing river), along with the Tapti River and the Mahi River.
  • Narmada is one of the rivers in India that flows in a rift valley, flowing west between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges. Being the rift valley river, Narmada river does not form delta. Rift valley river forms estuaries. 
Answerkey of UPSC CSAT-2013 Geography section with explainations

Above attached image of Narmada River flowing between Rift Valleys of Vindhya and Satpura.

About Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel “The Ironman of India” ;-

  • On 31 October 1875, ‘Iron Man of India’ Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born in Nadiad village in present-day Gujarat.
  • Patel’s father Jhaverbhai had been a soldier in the army of Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi. His mother was Ladbai.
  • Vallabhbhai Patel passed his matriculation in 1897 and then pursued law in England. After completing his law course in 1913, Patel returned to India and then established his practice at Godhra.
  • In Ahmedabad, he happened to meet Mahatma Gandhi and after a couple of meetings, came under his spell. He became an ardent follower of Gandhi and started involving in political work.
  • The Kheda campaign (1918) was a success and through a village-by-village tour, Patel and his associated compelled the peasants to refuse to pay taxes until the government met their demands. Patel raised an army of volunteers who helped the villagers in this work. This revolt directed a lot of sympathy towards the farmers’ plight. The government agreed to talk with Patel and also suspended taxes for a year. Patel emerged as a hero of the people.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 
( 31 October 1875 — 15 December 1950) 
Played a key role in India's struggle for independence guided 
its integration into a united, independent nation. 
Organised Kheda 
Satyagraha and Bardoli 
Elected as 
Ahmedabad's municipal 
Revolt, both of which times president in 1922, 1924 
the British bowed down. 
Elected President of 
the Indian National 
Congress in 1931. 
and 1927. 
Independent India's first 
Deputy Prime Minister and 
Home Minister. 
Architect of United India Conferred with Bharat 
post independence. 
Ratna (P) in 1991.

           Attached above image depicts the famous live events of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Ji.

  • After this in 1920, he was elected the president of the Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee. He remained in that position till 1945.
  • When Gandhi announced the non-cooperation movement in 1920, Patel supported him and worked tirelessly organizing it. It was then that he discarded his European garb and adopted Khadi.
  • Patel was one leader who supported Gandhi when he suspended the movement in the wake of the Chauri Chaura Happened on February 5th, 1922) incident.
  • Another major campaign led by Patel was the Bardoli Satyagraha in 1928. Here again, he asked farmers to refuse to pay taxes in the wake of floods and famines in the area, and a steep hike in taxes by the government. After the success of this campaign, the title ‘Sardar’ was bestowed on him by his colleagues.
  • Patel was arrested during the Dandi Salt March (1930). After his release following the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, he was elected the President of the Indian National Congress (INC) in its Karachi session in 1931. He was again arrested in 1932.
IRON MAN OF INDIA – social networking sites
  • Patel is revered in India not only for his role as a freedom fighter but also for his role in unifying the country after independence.
  • India was politically composed of British Indian provinces and the princely states which numbered more than 600.
  • Patel is considered as the “Bismarck of India” with regard to his stellar contribution in the political integration of the country. When the Nawab of Junagadh acceded to Pakistan despite having an 80% Hindu population, Patel sent the army there. With a combination of military and political tactics, the princely state was merged with India. Hyderabad also, with a similar situation (Hindu majority with a Muslim ruler) followed the Junagadh way. The Indian army, on the orders of Patel, invaded Hyderabad in 1948 and secured its union with India.
  • Patel was in charge of the Provincial Constitution Committee and the Advisory Committee on Fundamental Rights, Minorities and Tribal and Excluded Areas, in the Constituent Assembly of India.
  • For his role in setting up the modern civil services of India, he is also referred to as the ‘Patron Saint of the Indian civil services.’.
  • He famously called the services the ‘Steel Frame’ of the country’s government machinery.
  • Sardar Patel died in Bombay of a massive heart attack on 15 December 1950 aged 75.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1991. His birth anniversary is observed as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day) since 2014.

About Statue of Unity;-

  • The Statue of Unity is a colossal statue of Indian statesman and independence activist Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950), who was the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home minister of independent India and adherent of Mahatma Gandhi during the non-violent Indian Independence Movement.
  • The statue is located in the state of Gujarat, India.
  • It is the world’s tallest statue with a height of 182 metres (597 feet).
  • It is located on the Narmada River in the Kevadiya colony, facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of the city of Vadodara and 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Surat.
  •  It was designed by Indian sculptor Ram V.Sutar, and was inaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31 October 2018, the 143rd anniversary of Sardar Patel’s birth.
  • Located on the Sadhu Bet island, near Rajpipla on the Narmada river, the Statue of Unity is located between the Satpura and the Vindhya mountain ranges.
Gujarat government invites Tamil Nadu CM K Palsniwami to inauguration of Vallabhbhai  Patel statue
Travel Guide: Statue of Unity

Above image depicts comparison of world famous statues with Worlds Largest Statue i.e. Statue of Unity.

About Rashtriya Ekta Diwas i.e. National Unity Day ;-

  • National Unity Day is celebrated every year on 31st October to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • It is also known as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas.
UPSC: RASHTRIYA EKTA DIWAS 2018 – Shanmugam IAS Academy
Pledge on 
Rashtriya Ekta Diwas 
National Unity Day
  • It was celebrated for the first time in 2014 with the aim to pay tribute to the ‘Iron man of India’ by remembering his extraordinary works for the country.
  • Several events are organized on this day like ‘Run For Unity’ a nationwide marathon to increase awareness about the contribution of Sardar Patel to national integrity, National Unity pledge, etc.

Extra Info;-

National Integration Day (19th November);-

  • National Integration in India is very important to enhance unity among all sections of society in a country like India, which is replete with diversity in many spheres of life. 

Below attached image explained about National Integration Day.

• National integration day is 
important to express unity in 
diversity in a country like 
• National integration day is 
celebrated on the November 
19th Of every year. 
• National Integration Day 
commemorates the birth 
anniversary of the first-ever 
women prime minister of 
India, Mrs Indira Gandhi. 
• National Integration Day is 
observed across schools, 
colleges and universities with 
nationalistic and patriotic 
National Integration Day 2020: 17th November, Speech, Celebration, Essay

15th Finance Commission.

Focus:  GS 3;Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

Why in News?

  • ​The Fifteenth Finance Commission (XVFC), headed by Chairman Shri N K Singh, today concluded their deliberations on the Report for the year 2021-2022 to 2025-2026.

Note : Please Click on this link and Refer PIB 28th October 2020 for detailed Explanation of Finance Commission.

Minimum Support Price.

Focus:  GS3: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Why in News?

  • Food Cooperation of India and state agencies are all set to procure a record quantity of 742 LMT paddy during the ongoing Kharif crop season as against 627 LMT paddy last year.

Note : Please Click on this link and Refer PIB 16th October 2020 to read detailed explanation about MSP .

Jal Jeevan Mission.

Focus:  GS 2 ;  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Why in News?

  • Mid-term review for implementation of Jal Jeevan mission in Chhattisgarh held
Har Ghar Jal 
Jal Jeevan Mission

Note : Please Click on this link and Refer 19th October 2020 PIB Regarding detailed explanation of Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).

Khadi and Village Industry (KVIC).

Focus:  GS 2 ;Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Why in News?

  • KVIC Launches high quality Muslin fabric Masks for Diwali

Note : Please Click on this link and Refer 21st October PIB 2020 for detailed explanation about Khadi and Village Industries Commission(KVIC).

February 2024