Call Us Now

+91 9606900005 / 04

For Enquiry

PIB Summaries 02 July 2024

  1. European Council
  2. Project-76


Recently, the Prime Minister of India congratulated H.E António Costa on being elected as next President of the European Council.


GS II: International Relations

About the European Council:

  • Role and Purpose:
    • The European Council is the institution of the European Union that sets the general political direction and priorities of the EU.
  • Establishment:
    • Formed in 1974 as an informal forum for discussion among heads of state or government of the EU member states.
    • Gained formal status and role under the Treaty of Maastricht to provide political impetus and guidelines for the EU.
  • Headquarters:
    • Located in Brussels, Belgium.
  • Membership:
    • Composed of the heads of state or government of the 27 EU member states, the President of the European Council, and the President of the European Commission.
  • Meetings:
    • Typically convenes four times a year, with the President able to call additional meetings to tackle urgent matters.
  • Decision-Making:
    • Decisions are generally made by consensus, but in some cases, unanimity or qualified majority voting is used. Only heads of state or government have voting rights.
  • Sets the EU’s overall political direction and priorities but does not pass laws.
  • Handles complex or sensitive issues that cannot be resolved through lower levels of intergovernmental cooperation.
  • Establishes the EU’s common foreign and security policy, considering strategic interests and defense implications.
  • Nominates and appoints candidates for significant EU roles, such as positions in the European Central Bank (ECB) and the European Commission.


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has taken up a preliminary study on the design and development of an indigenous conventional submarine under Project-76.


GS III: Defence

About Project-76:

  • Objective:
    • Project 76, initiated by the Warship Design Bureau of the Indian Navy, aims to design and develop India’s first indigenously built conventional diesel-electric submarine.
  • Scope:
    • The plan includes constructing 12 submarines under Project 76.
  • Design Features:
    • These submarines will incorporate air-independent propulsion (AIP) systems and are expected to have a submerged displacement of 3,000 tons, surpassing the capabilities of their foreign-designed predecessors from Projects 751 and 75.
    • They will succeed the Sindhughosh (Kilo) class, maintaining a robust 3,000-ton class.
  • Technological Advancements:
    • Expected features include advanced indigenous weapon control systems and lithium-ion batteries.
  • Significance:
    • Represents a crucial milestone in India’s pursuit of maritime dominance.
    • Combines cutting-edge French technology from Project 75 with German and Spanish expertise from Project 751.
    • Aims to start prototype construction by 2028.
  • Strategic Importance:
    • Enhances India’s submarine-building capabilities.
    • Reduces dependence on foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) for submarine design.

July 2024