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PIB Summaries 04 June 2024

  1. World No-Tobacco Day
  2. Draft Resolution Approved to Improve Organ Transplantation Availability


Recently, The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (GoI), organized an event today to observe World No Tobacco Day 2024.


GS II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. World No-Tobacco Day
  2. Tobacco Cultivation in India

World No-Tobacco Day:

Creation and Purpose:

  • World No Tobacco Day was established by the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1987.
  • A resolution passed in 1988 set the annual observance on May 31st.
  • The day aims to raise awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco use and second-hand smoke, and to discourage tobacco consumption in any form.
  • The theme for the year is “Protecting Children from Tobacco Industry Interference.”

Tobacco Cultivation in India:

Introduction and History:

  • Tobacco cultivation in India was introduced by the Portuguese in 1605.

Area and Production:

  • Major tobacco-growing states in India include Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.
  • Gujarat contributes 45% of the total area (0.13 million hectares) and 30% of production (0.16 million tonnes). It also boasts the highest productivity, yielding 1700 kg per hectare, followed by Andhra Pradesh.

Types of Tobacco:

  • Gujarat: Anand area grows mainly bidi tobacco.
  • Karnataka: Nipani area is known for bidi tobacco.
  • North Bihar and Bengal: Both tabacum and rustica types, used for hookah and limited chewing and snuff varieties.
  • Tamil Nadu: Madurai and Coimbatore regions cultivate cigars, filter, binder, and chewing tobacco.

Climate and Soil:

  • Optimal growth occurs at mean temperatures between 20°C and 27°C.
  • As a rainfed crop, tobacco needs at least 500 mm of well-distributed rainfall during the growing season.
  • It is not typically grown in regions where rainfall exceeds 1200 mm during the season.


At the 77th World Health Assembly, member states approved a draft resolution aimed at improving the availability of organ transplantation, including human cells and tissues.


Facts for Prelims

Increasing Availability and Ethical Access to Transplantation:

Recent Developments:

  • Member States, led by Spain, approved a resolution to enhance the availability, ethical access, and oversight of human cell, tissue, and organ transplantation.

About the Draft Resolution:

  • Member states are encouraged to align with WHO’s Guiding Principles on Human Cell, Tissue, and Organ Transplantation.
  • Emphasis is placed on promoting donation following neurological or circulatory determination of death.
  • The resolution highlights that insufficient access to transplantation fuels human trafficking for organ removal and poses public health risks.
  • It calls for the establishment of an expert committee to help develop and implement a global strategy.
  • The draft resolution also proposes a global strategy for adoption by 2026 and suggests creating a World Donor Day to raise awareness and donations.

World Health Assembly (WHA):

  • The World Health Assembly is the decision-making body of the WHO.
  • It includes delegations from all WHO Member States and focuses on a specific health agenda prepared by the Executive Board.
  • Main functions include determining WHO policies, appointing the Director-General, overseeing financial policies, and approving the programme budget.
  • The Assembly meets annually in Geneva, Switzerland.

June 2024