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PIB Summaries 06 December 2023

  1. International Social Security Association
  2. Tele-MANAS


Context:

Recently, the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) bagged the “International Social Security Association’s ISSA Vision Zero 2023” Award in the recently held 23rd World Congress on Safety and Health at Work in Sydney, Australia.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. International Social Security Association
  2. Employee’s State Insurance Corporation (ESIC)

International Social Security Association:

  • Foremost global institution uniting social security agencies and organizations internationally.
  • Objective: Champion evolving social security as a societal aspect in the context of globalization by fostering outstanding social security management.
  • Origin: Established in 1927 under the endorsement of the International Labour Organization.
  • Membership: Comprises over 320 member institutions from more than 160 countries.
  • Central Office: Situated in Geneva at the International Labour Office.
  • Services: Provides information, expertise, business norms, actionable advice, and platforms for members to enhance and spread evolving social security systems globally.
  • Guiding Principle: The concept of evolving social security lays out the strategic direction for ISSA’s endeavors.

Employee’s State Insurance Corporation (ESIC)

  • Employee’s State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) is a Statutory Body set up under the Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) Act, 1948, which is responsible for the administration of ESI Scheme.
  • As it is a legal entity, the corporation can raise loans and take measures for discharging such loans with the prior sanction of the central government and it can acquire both movable and immovable property and all incomes from the property shall vest with the corporation.
  • The corporation can set up hospitals either independently or in collaboration with state government or other private entities, but most of the dispensaries and hospitals are run by concerned state governments.


Context:

Recently, a dedicated Tele-MANAS Cell was inaugurated at the Armed Forces Medical College in Pune.

Relevance:

GS II: Polity and Governance

About Tele-MANAS:

Tele-MANAS will be organised in two tier system;

  • Tier 1 comprises of state Tele-MANAS cells which include trained counsellors and mental health specialists.
  • Tier 2 will comprise of specialists at District Mental Health Programme (DMHP)/Medical College resources for physical consultation and/or e-Sanjeevani for audio visual consultation.
About MANAS:
  • It is a comprehensive, scalable, and national digital wellbeing platform and an app developed to augment mental well-being of Indian citizens.
  • It integrates the health and wellness efforts of various government ministries, scientifically validated indigenous tools with gamified interfaces developed/researched by various national bodies and research institutions.
  • It is based on life skills and core psychological processes, with universal accessibility, delivering age-appropriate methods and promoting positive attitude focusing on wellness.
  • Developed by National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) Bengaluru, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) Pune and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing(C-DAC) Bengaluru.
  • Catering to the overall wellbeing of people of all age groups, the initial version of MANAS focuses on promoting positive mental health in the age group of 15-35 years.
Aim:
  • To build a healthier and happier community, to empower it to nurture its innate potential for building a Swasth and Atmanirbhar Bharat.

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