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PIB Summaries 10 April 2023


  1. National Mission in Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS)
  2. Bandipur and Mudumalai Tiger Reserves

National Mission in Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS)

Focus: GS II: Government Policies and Intervention

Why in News?

Recently, the Experts deliberated on ways to strengthen the National Mission in Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) at the National Workshop on Technology Innovation in Cyber-Physical Systems (TIPS).

National Mission in Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems:

  • The National Mission in Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) is a five-year-long mission launched in 2018 with a total outlay of Rs. 3660 Crores.

The mission aims to achieve comprehensive development in the following areas:

  • Technology development
  • Application development
  • Human resource development & skill enhancement
  • Entrepreneurship and start-up development in CPS and associated technologies.
  • 25 Technology Innovation Hubs (TIHs) have been established in advanced technologies in reputed institutes across the country.
  • The mission is being implemented by the Department of Science & Technology under the Ministry of Science and Technology.

Cyber-Physical System

Here are some key points to understand about cyber-physical systems:

  • Definition: A cyber-physical system is a combination of digital and physical components that work together to achieve a specific objective.
  • Examples: Cyber-physical systems can be found in a wide range of applications, including autonomous vehicles, smart buildings, industrial control systems, and medical devices.
  • Components: These systems typically include sensors, communication networks, computing resources, data analytics, and control mechanisms.
  • Functionality: Cyber-physical systems enable the collection, processing, and sharing of data to support decision-making and control actions in real-time.
  • Interconnectivity: The components of a cyber-physical system are interconnected through a network that allows them to exchange data and work together seamlessly.
  • Applications: Cyber-physical systems have the potential to revolutionize many industries by improving efficiency, productivity, and safety.

Bandipur and Mudumalai Tiger Reserves

Focus: GS III: Environment and Ecology

Why in News?

PM visits Bandipur and Mudumalai Tiger Reserves

About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

  • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1st Biosphere Reserve in India) along with Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) in the West, Bandipur National Park (Karnataka) in the North, Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley in the South.
  • The Reserve has tall grasses, commonly referred to as ‘Elephant Grass’, a variety of Bamboos, several species of endemic flora and valuable timber species.
  • The Tiger and Asian Elephant are the Flagship Species of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, along with a wide variety of more than 260 species of birds

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

  • Bandipur Tiger Reserve is located in one of the richest biodiversity areas of India representing the “Western Ghats Mountains Biogeography Zone”. It is a recognized Mega Biodiversity Area, and home to rich floral and faunal diversity.
  • Establishment: The reserve was established in 1973 under Project Tiger. In 1985, it was enlarged by including adjacent areas from Venugopala Wildlife Park and renamed as Bandipur National Park.
  • Location: Bandipur Tiger Reserve is situated in two contiguous districts of Karnataka (Mysore and Chamarajanagar) and is located at the tri-junction area of the states Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.
  • Surrounding Areas: The reserve is surrounded by Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) in the south, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) in the southwest, and the Kabini Reservoir separates the Bandipur and Nagarahole Tiger Reserve on the northwest side.

April 2024