- SWEET REVOLUTION
- PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA
- SANKALP PROJECT
Focus: GS III- Agriculture Marketing
Why in News
Recently, the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has launched the country’s first Mobile Honey Processing Van at Village in Uttar Pradesh.
About Mobile Honey Processing Van:
- It will process beekeepers’ honey at their doorsteps
- It saves the hassle and the cost of taking the honey to processing plants in far off cities for processing.
- This initiative is taken in pursuance of “Sweet Kranti” (Sweet Revolution).
- The transportation of honey to processing plants is very expensive.
- In order to avoid high transportation and processing costs, a majority of beekeepers would sell their raw honey to the agents at their farms themselves at a very low price.
- The Processing Van will reduce the honey extraction and processing cost to the beekeepers.
- This will also eliminate any scope for adulteration of honey as the processing will be done at the doorsteps of the beekeepers and farmers.
What is Sweet Revolution?
- It is an initiative of the Government of India for promoting apiculture, popularly known as ‘beekeeping’.
- Its main aim is to accelerate the production of quality honey and other related products.
- Other apiculture products such as royal jelly, beeswax, pollens, etc., are also used extensively in different sectors like pharmaceuticals, food, beverage, beauty, and others.
About Khadi Village Industries Commission:
- Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body of the Indian Constitution.
- It comes under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
- It was established by Khadi and Village Industries Act, 1956. It has been amended twice, in 1965 and 2006.
Objectives of KVIC
The broad objectives of the Khadi Village and Industries Commission encompassing self-reliance and sustainability are:
- To boost employment in the country.
- To promote the promotion and sale of Khadi articles
- To cater to the self-reliance doctrine of the country by empowering underprivileged and rural sections of the society.
Functions of KVIC
The following are the functions of Khadi Village and Industries Commission:
- It plans, promotes, organizes, and implements programmes for the development of Khadi and Village Industries (KVI).
- It coordinates with multiple agencies that are engaged in rural development for several initiatives w.r.t khadi and village industries in rural areas.
- It maintains a reserve of raw materials that can be further promoted in the supply-chain.
- It aids in creating common service facilities that help in processing of raw materials.
- It aids the marketing of KVI products through artisans and other avenues.
- It creates linkages with multiple marketing agencies for the promotion and sale of KVI products.
- It encourages and promotes research and development in the KVI sector.
- It brings solutions to the problems associated with the KVI products by promoting research study and enhancing competitive capacity.
- It also helps in providing financial assistance to the individuals and institutions related to the khadi and village industries.
- It enforces guidelines to comply with the product standards to eliminate the production of ingenuine products.
- It is empowered to bring projects, programmes, schemes in relation to khadi and village industries’ development.
PRADHAN MANTRI KAUSHAL VIKAS YOJANA
Focus: GS II- Government Policies and Interventions
Why in News?
So far under PMKVY 3.0, 3.74 lakh people have been enrolled, 3.36 lakh trained, 2.23 assessed, and 1.65 lakh certified.
- The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has launched the third phase of its flagship scheme—Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 3.0 (PMKVY 3.0) in January 2021.
- PMKVY 3.0 will encourage and promote skill development throughout the country to address the industry needs, meet the market demands, impart skills in services and in new-age job roles that have become crucial in the post- pandemic era.
The Prime Objectives of PMKVY 3.0 are:
- Create an ecosystem for the youth to make informed choices on the available skilling avenues.
- Provide support to youth for skill training and certification.
- Promote sustainable Skill Centres for greater participation of private sector.
- Benefit 8 lakh youth across the country.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a skill development initiative scheme of the Government of India for recognition and standardisation of skills.
- Launched in 2015, it is a flagship program of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
- National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) implements it with the help of training partners.
- Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
- Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.
- Short Term Training: Training as per National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) is provided to those who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed.
- Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): An individual with a certain set of skills or with prior learning experience is assessed and certified under RPL with grade according to the NSQF.
- Special Projects: This component ensures training in special areas and premises of government bodies and corporate. It aims to encourage training in vulnerable and marginalized groups of society.
- Training Partners (TPs) are mandated to organize Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months, thus providing placement assistance to certified ones.
Aims of PMKVY
- Its Aim is to encourage aptitude towards employable skills and to increase working efficiency of probable and existing daily wage earners, by giving monetary awards and rewards and by providing quality training to them.
- It aims to mobilize youth to take up skill training with the aim of increasing productivity and aligning the training and certification to the needs of the country.
- To enable a large number of Indian youths to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
- Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
Focus: GS III- Growth and Development
Why in News?
Minister of State for Electronics & Information Technology and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship inaugurated Entrepreneurship Development Centre in Kohima under the SANKALP project.
About Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP)
- Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion (SANKALP) is a Centrally sponsored (World Bank supported) scheme of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
- It is an outcome focused scheme marking shift in government’s implementation strategy in vocational education and training from inputs to results.
- SANKALP aims to implement the mandate of the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM).
- The objective of SANKALP is to enhance institutional mechanisms for skills development and increase access to quality and market-relevant training for the work force.
- The scheme provides the required impetus to the National Skill Development Mission, 2015 and its various sub missions.
- It is aligned to flagship Government of India programs such as Make in India and Swachhta Abhiyan and aims at developing globally competitive workforce for domestic and overseas requirements.
Under SANKALP four key result areas have been identified:
- Institutional Strengthening (at National, State & District level)
- Quality Assurance Quality Assurance of skill development programs
- Inclusion of marginalised population in skill development
- Expanding Skills through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs).
- SANKALP aims at:
- Strengthening institutions at the State and National levels
- Monitoring of market relevant training;
- Improving the quality and relevance of skill developed programs;
- Making skills training accessible to female trainees and other underprivileged groups;
- Expanding the scheme’s reach through private-public partnerships (PPPs).