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PIB Summaries 12 April 2022


  1. Mahatma Jyotiba Phule
  2. Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’

Mahatma Jyotiba Phule

Focus: GS I- Personalities in News

Why in News?

The Prime Minister, has paid tribute to the great social reformer, philosopher and writer Mahatma Jyotiba Phule on his birth anniversary.

About Jyotirao Phule:

  • Born in 1827 in Satara district of Maharashtra.
  • Phule was given the title of Mahatma on May 11, 1888, by Vithalrao Krishnaji Vandekar, a Maharashtrian social activist.
  • His famous works:
    • Tritiya Ratna (1855), Gulamgiri (1873), Shetkarayacha Aasud, or Cultivator’s Whipcord (1881), Satyashodhak Samajokt Mangalashtakasah Sarva Puja-vidhi (1887).
  • Death: 28th November, 1890. His memorial is built in Phule Wada, Pune, Maharashtra.

The Phules’ endeavours and legacy

  • Jyotirao, the revolutionary that he was, observed the lack of opportunities for education for young girls and women.
  • He started to educate his wife (Savithribai phule) at home and trained her to become a teacher.
  • Together, by 1848, the Phules started a school for girls, Shudras and Ati-Shudras in Poona.
  • The historic work was started by Jyotirao when he was just 21 years old, ably supported by his 18-year-old wife.
  • In 1853, Jyotirao-Savitribai opened a care centre for pregnant widows to have safe deliveries and to end the practice of infanticide owing to social norms.
  • The Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha (Home for the Prevention of Infanticide) started in their own house .
  • Jyotirao and Savitri did not have biological children, and adopted the child of a widow.
    • Yashwantrao grew up to be a doctor, rendering his services in the 1897 Bubonic plague.

Satyashodhak Samaj

  • The Satyashodhak Samaj (The Truth-Seekers Society) was established on September 24, 1873 by Jyotirao-Savitribai and other like-minded people.
  • The Samaj advocated for social changes that went against prevalent traditions, including economical weddings, inter-caste marriages, eradication of child marriages, and widow remarriage.
  • The Phules also had far-sighted goals — popularising female education, establishing an institutional structure of schools in India, and to have a society where women worked in tandem with men.

Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’

Focus: GS III- Science and Technology

Why in News?

Indigenously developed helicopter launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’ was successfully flight tested at high-altitude ranges as part of user validation trials.

  • The flight-test was jointly conducted by the teams of scientists from Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Indian Army and Indian Air Force (IAF).

About Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’:

  • HELINA (Helicopter based NAG) is a third generation fire and forget class anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) system mounted on the Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH).
  • The system has all weather day and night capability and can defeat battle tanks with conventional armour as well as explosive reactive armour.
  • The HELINA missile can engage targets both in direct hit mode as well as top attack mode.
  • HELINA Weapon Systems is being inducted into the Indian Army (IA).
  • A variant of HELINA Weapon System called DHRUVASTRA is being inducted into the Indian Air Force (IAF).

May 2024