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PIB Summaries 18 April 2024

  1. SARATHI App
  2. Combined Maritime Forces


Recently, the government has launched the ‘SARATHI’ App for Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana- National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).


GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. SARATHI App
  2. About Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission:



  • Developed by the Ministry of Rural Development in collaboration with The/Nudge Institute.
Purpose and Features:
  • Role in Graduation Program:
    • Aims to ensure timely, effective, and efficient implementation of the Graduation program, which targets the most vulnerable populations.
  • Effectiveness and Efficiency:
    • Enhances the effectiveness of work across multiple levels.
    • Reduces cognitive and administrative burdens.
  • Transparency:
    • Ensures transparency in the implementation and monitoring of the program.
  • Risk Mitigation:
    • Helps in mitigating the risk of leakage of consumption and livelihood support provided to the target households.

About Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihood Mission:

  • It is a centrally sponsored programme, launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in June 2011.
  • To eliminate rural poverty through the promotion of multiple livelihoods and improved access to financial services for the rural poor households across the country.
  • To reach out to all rural poor households and impact their livelihoods.

The objective of the Mission is to promote sustainable livelihoods for the poor such that they come out of poverty. The institutions of the poor are intended to facilitate

  • access to formal credit;
  • support for diversification and strengthening of livelihoods;
  • and access to entitlements and public services.
  • It involves working with community institutions through community professionals in the spirit of self-help which is a unique proposition of DAY-NRLM.
  • It impacts the livelihoods through universal social mobilization by inter alia organising one-woman member from each rural poor household into Self Help Groups (SHGs), their training and capacity building, facilitating their micro-livelihoods plans, and enabling them to implement their livelihoods plans through accessing financial resources from their own institutions and the banks.
  • It is implemented in a Mission mode by special purpose vehicles (autonomous state societies) with dedicated implementation support units at the national, state, district and block levels, using professional human resources in order to provide continuous and long-term handholding support to each rural poor family.


INS Talwar of the Indian Navy recently seized 940 kg of drugs in the Arabian Sea as part of an operation led by the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).


GS III: Security Challenges

About Combined Maritime Forces (CMF)


  • CMF is a multi-national naval partnership based in Bahrain, committed to promoting security, stability, and prosperity across approximately 3.2 million square miles of international waters, including some of the world’s most crucial shipping lanes.

Main Objectives

  • Defeating terrorism and preventing piracy.
  • Encouraging regional cooperation.
  • Promoting a safe maritime environment.

Key Functions

  • Countering violent extremism and terrorist networks in maritime areas of responsibility.
  • Collaborating with regional and other partners to enhance overall security and stability.
  • Strengthening the maritime capabilities of regional nations.
  • Responding to environmental and humanitarian crises upon request.

Task Forces

  • CMF is comprised of five task forces.


  • Co-located with US Naval Central Command and US Navy Fifth Fleet at Naval Support Activity (NSA) Bahrain.
Member Nations
  • Australia, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Republic of Korea, Kuwait, Malaysia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, the Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore, Spain, Thailand, Türkiye, UAE, United Kingdom, United States, and Yemen.
Participation and Mandate
  • Participation is voluntary, and no nation is obligated to carry out any duty it is unwilling to conduct.
  • Member nations are not bound by either political or military mandates.
  • CMF is flexible, with contributions ranging from providing a liaison officer at CMF HQ in Bahrain to supplying warships, support vessels, and maritime reconnaissance aircraft based on land.
  • Associated support can be provided by warships not explicitly assigned to CMF if they have the time and capacity while undertaking national tasking.
Command Structure
  • CMF is commanded by a U.S. Navy Vice Admiral, who also serves as Commander of the US Naval Forces Central Command (NAVCENT) and US Navy Fifth Fleet.
  • The Deputy Commander of CMF is a United Kingdom Royal Navy Commodore.
  • Other senior staff roles at CMF’s headquarters are filled by personnel from member nations.

May 2024