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PIB Summaries 18 January 2024

  1. Prime Minister Attends 58th All India Police Conference


Context:

The Prime Minister recently participated in the 58th All India Conference of Director Generals/Inspector Generals of Police in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

Relevance:

GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Highlights of PM’s Address at Police Conference
  2. Issues Associated with Police Forces
  3. Recommendations for Police Reforms

Key Highlights of PM’s Address at Police Conference:

  • Transformation in Legal Framework:
    • PM highlighted the transformative impact of new criminal laws, emphasizing a justice system prioritizing citizen dignity, rights, and justice.
  • Women’s Safety and Rights:
    • Emphasis on educating women about their rights under new laws, urging police to ensure their safety, enabling them to work fearlessly.
  • Positive Public Perception:
    • Stress on improving the image of the police among citizens, suggesting the use of grassroots-level social media for positive communication.
  • Social Media for Disaster Management:
    • Proposal to utilize social media for disseminating disaster alerts and coordinating relief efforts efficiently.
  • Sports Events for Community Bonding:
    • Advocacy for organizing sports events to strengthen the bond between citizens and the police force.
  • Government Officials in Border Villages:
    • Encouragement for government officials to reside in border villages, fostering stronger connections with the local community.
  • Modernization and Global Contribution:
    • Call for the Indian police to evolve into a modern, world-class force, aligning with India’s global stature and contributing to the vision of a developed India by 2047.

Issues Associated with Police Forces:

  • Custodial Deaths:
    • Refers to fatalities occurring while a person is in police custody.
    • Despite a decline in previous years, a sharp rise to 175 custodial deaths was reported in 2021-22.
  • Excessive Use of Force:
    • Instances of police using excessive force leading to injuries and fatalities.
    • Lack of proper training and oversight contributes to misuse of force.
  • Corruption and Misconduct:
    • Corruption within the police force, including bribery and misconduct, erodes public trust.
    • High-ranking officials and lower-ranking officers implicated in corrupt practices.
  • Legal Framework and Corruption:
    • Laws creating conditions for police corruption, particularly in relation to banned substances like alcohol.
    • Increased profitability and law enforcement discretion contribute to corrupt practices.
  • Trust Deficit:
    • Significant trust deficit between police and the community affecting cooperation and information sharing.
    • High-profile cases of police misconduct contribute to public skepticism and mistrust.
  • Extrajudicial Killings (‘Encounter’):
    • Instances of extrajudicial killings by the police, commonly known as ‘encounter.’
    • No legal provisions in Indian law legalize encounter killings.
    • Increased cases, with 151 reported in 2021-2022 compared to 82 in 2020-2021.

Recommendations for Police Reforms:

  • Police Complaint Authority:
    • Establishment directed by the Supreme Court in the Prakash Singh v/s Union of India case (2006).
    • Authorized to investigate misconduct by police officials of various ranks.
  • Separation of Functions:
    • Supreme Court directive for the separation of investigation and law and order functions in police.
    • Creation of State Security Commissions (SSC) with civil society members for improved policing.
  • National Security Commission:
    • Recommendation by the Supreme Court for the formation of a National Security Commission.
  • National Police Commission (1977-1981):
    • Made recommendations for police reforms, emphasizing functional autonomy and accountability.
  • Ribero Committee (1998):
    • Constituted on Supreme Court’s directions to review police reform actions.
    • Endorsed major recommendations of the National Police Commission with modifications.
  • Malimath Committee (2000):
    • Made 158 recommendations for criminal justice system reforms.
    • Suggested the establishment of a central law enforcement agency.
  • Model Police Act (2006):
    • Mandates the establishment of an authority in each state.
    • Comprising retired High Court judges, civil society members, retired police officers, and public administrators from another state.
    • Focuses on functional autonomy, professionalism, and accountability in police agencies.

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