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PIB Summaries 20 April 2024

  1. DURGA-2
  2. Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is reported to be testing a prototype of its DURGA-2 (Directionally Unrestricted Ray Gun Array) system.


Facts for Prelims

About DURGA-2


  • DURGA-2 is a weapon system designed to damage or destroy its target using focused energy, which can be in the form of lasers, microwaves, or particle beams.


  • Speed: The weapon transmits lethal force at the speed of light, approximately 300,000 kilometers per second.
  • Environmental Independence: The beams of DURGA-2 are not influenced by gravity or atmospheric drag.
  • Precision: It offers high precision, allowing for accurate targeting.
  • Customizability: The effects of the weapon can be tailored by adjusting the type and intensity of the energy directed at the target.


  • The development of DURGA-2 signifies a transformative shift in the aerospace industry, potentially revolutionizing the way wars are conducted.
  • This advancement facilitates the creation of state-of-the-art platforms, weapons, sensors, and networks crucial for ensuring success in future warfare scenarios.

Countries with Similar Systems:

  • The technology of focused energy weapons is also possessed by countries like Russia, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Israel, and China.


In the last 24 years, IRDAI steered the industry on the growth path in the post-reforms era by safeguarding consumer interests and propelling industry advancement.


GS III: Indian Economy

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India

About Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India:

  • Establishment: IRDAI was founded in 1999 as a regulatory body to safeguard the interests of insurance customers.
  • Statutory Body: It operates as a statutory body under the IRDA Act 1999 and falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Finance.
  • Regulatory and Development Authority: IRDAI is responsible for regulating and fostering the development of the insurance industry in India.
  • Monitoring Activities: The authority closely monitors insurance-related activities to ensure compliance with regulations and standards.
  • Legal Framework: The powers and functions of IRDAI are defined by the IRDAI Act, 1999 and the Insurance Act, 1938.

May 2024