- Dugdh Sankalan Sathi App
- Tapas Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
Focus: GS II: Government Policies and Interventions
Why in News?
Recently, the Union Minister of Heavy Industries unveiled the ground-breaking “Dugdh Sanakalan Sathi Mobile App” at Mussorie, Uttarakhand.
About Dugdh Sankalan Sathi App
The Dugdh Sankalan Sathi App is a mobile application developed by Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Limited (REIL) to improve the quality of milk, enhance transparency, and streamline operations in the milk industry, particularly at the grassroots village level and Milk Cooperative Societies.
Here are some key details about the app:
- Developed by REIL: The app is designed and developed by Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Limited (REIL), which is a Central Public Sector Enterprise operating under the Ministry of Heavy Industries. REIL is recognized as a “Mini Ratna” company.
- Objective: The primary aim of the Dugdh Sankalan Sathi App is to enhance the quality of milk and promote transparency among stakeholders. It focuses on facilitating efficient operations at the village level, including Milk Cooperative Societies.
- Multilingual Support: The app provides services and information to milk producers in multiple languages, including English, Hindi, Punjabi, Telugu, and more. This ensures that users can access the app in their preferred language.
Key Features and Benefits:
- Transparency: The app promotes transparency among stakeholders involved in the milk industry, providing them with accurate and up-to-date information.
- Online Monitoring: The app allows for the online monitoring of daily milk poured at Milk Cooperative Societies. This enables real-time tracking and management of milk collection activities.
- Real-time Price Updates: The app provides real-time updates on milk prices from the cloud server. This helps ensure transparency and eliminates the possibility of human errors in price calculations.
- Direct Transfers: The app facilitates direct beneficiary transfers of milk payments and government subsidies to the bank accounts of milk producers. This streamlines the payment process and ensures timely and secure transactions.
- Push Notifications: Milk producers receive push notifications through the app, informing them about milk collection activities. This helps them stay updated and plan accordingly.
Focus: GS III: Science and Technology
Why in News?
The Indian Navy and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully carried out the transfer of command-and-control capabilities of the TAPAS Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).
About Tapas Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
The Tapas Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), also known as Tapas-BH 201 (Tactical Airborne Platform for Aerial Surveillance-Beyond Horizon 201), is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) unmanned aerial vehicle. Developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), which is a part of the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) in India,
Key details about the Tapas UAV:
- Name and Development: The Tapas UAV was previously referred to as Rustom-II but is now officially known as Tapas-BH 201. It is designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a division of the DRDO.
- Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE): The Tapas UAV falls under the category of a Medium Altitude Long Endurance vehicle. It is designed to operate at altitudes of up to 28,000 feet, allowing it to cover a considerable range and provide surveillance capabilities from an aerial perspective.
- Endurance and Altitude: The UAV has an endurance of over 18 hours, enabling it to stay airborne for long durations. It is capable of operating at altitudes of up to 28,000 feet, allowing for extended coverage and surveillance capabilities.
- Wingspan and Speed: The Tapas UAV has a wingspan of 20.6 meters, providing stability and lift during flight. It can reach a maximum speed of 225 kmph, allowing for efficient and timely operations.
- Payload Capacity: The drone has a maximum payload capacity of 350 kilograms, which can accommodate various equipment and sensor packages necessary for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.
- Remote Control and Autonomy: The Tapas UAV can be controlled remotely by operators on the ground. It also has the ability to execute pre-programmed flight plans autonomously, providing flexibility and precision in its operations.
- ISTAR Capabilities: The Tapas UAV is designed to fulfill the Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, Tracking & Reconnaissance (ISTAR) requirements of the tri-services. It is capable of operating effectively in both day and night conditions.
- Weaponization Potential: The UAV is pre-designed to carry certain weapons and can be converted into an armed platform if required by the user. This provides the option for weaponization based on mission needs.