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PIB Summaries 21 March 2024

  1. Green Hydrogen
  2. Central Plantation Crops Research Institute


41st Steering Committee of International Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells in the Economy deliberates on deployment of Green Hydrogen and its Derivatives


GS III: Infrastructure

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is Green hydrogen?
  2. What is the National Green Hydrogen Mission?

What is Green hydrogen?

  • A colourless, odourless, tasteless, non-toxic and highly combustible gaseous substance, hydrogen is the lightest, simplest and most abundant member of the family of chemical elements in the universe.
  • But a colour — green — prefixed to it makes hydrogen the “fuel of the future”.
  • The ‘green’ depends on how the electricity is generated to obtain the hydrogen, which does not emit greenhouse gas when burned.
  • Green hydrogen is produced through electrolysis using renewable sources of energy such as solar, wind or hydel power.
  • Hydrogen can be ‘grey’ and ‘blue’ too.
    • Grey hydrogen is generated through fossil fuels such as coal and gas and currently accounts for 95% of the total production in South Asia.
    • Blue hydrogen, too, is produced using electricity generated by burning fossil fuels but with technologies to prevent the carbon released in the process from entering the atmosphere.
Green Hydrogen Importance
  • Hydrogen is being used across the United States, Russia, China, France and Germany. Countries like Japan desire to become a hydrogen economy in future.
  • Green hydrogen can in future be used for
    • Electricity and drinking water generation, energy storage, transportation etc. 
    • Green hydrogen can be used to provide water to the crew members in space stations.
    • Energy storage- Compressed hydrogen tanks can store the energy longer and are easier to handle than lithium-ion batteries as they are lighter.
    • Transport and mobility- Hydrogen can be used in heavy transport, aviation and maritime transport.

What is the National Green Hydrogen Mission?

  • The intent of the mission is to incentivise the commercial production of green hydrogen and make India a net exporter of the fuel.
  •  The mission has laid out a target to develop green hydrogen production capacity of at least 5 MMT (Million Metric Tonne) per annum.
  • This is alongside adding renewable energy capacity of about 125 GW (gigawatt) in the country.
    • This will entail the decarbonisation of the industrial, mobility and energy sectors; reducing dependence on imported fossil fuels and feedstock; developing indigenous manufacturing capabilities; creating employment opportunities; and developing new technologies such as efficient fuel cells.
  • By 2030, the Centre hopes its investments will bring in investments worth ₹8 trillion and create over six lakh jobs. Moreover, about 50 MMT per annum of CO2 emissions are expected to be averted by 2030.
  • As per its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement, India has committed to reduce emissions intensity of its GDP by 45% by 2030, from 2005 levels.
  • The National Green Hydrogen Mission will make India a leading producer and supplier of Green Hydrogen in the world.
  • It would result in attractive investment and business opportunities for the industry.
  • Will contribute significantly to India’s efforts for decarbonization and energy independence.
  • Will create opportunities for employment and economic development.
  • The Mission will drive the development of the Green Hydrogen ecosystem in the country.
  •  The targeted production capacity will bring over ₹8 lakh crore in total investments and will result in creation of over 6 lakh clean jobs.
  • The Mission will support pilot projects in other hard-to-abate sectors.
  •  The Mission will also support R&D projects.


The Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare recently inaugurated the Krishi Sammelan (Farmer’s Meet), organised by the ICAR-Central Plantation Crops Research Institute.


GS III: Agriculture

About Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI):

  • Establishment: The Central Plantation Crops Research Institute (CPCRI) was originally established by the Government of Madras in 1916 with a focus on coconut research. It was later acquired by the Indian Central Coconut Committee in 1947.
  • Incorporation: In 1970, the CPCRI was formally established as one of the agricultural research institutes in the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
  • Headquarters: The institute is headquartered in Kasaragod, Kerala.
  • Initial Mandate: Initially, the institute was tasked with conducting research on coconut, arecanut, cocoa, cashew, oil palm, and spices.
  • Expansion and Delinking: Over time, the research on cashew, oil palm, and spices was separated from CPCRI to form individual institutes. In 2023, a new mandate crop, Palmyra Palm, was added to the institute’s research portfolio.
  • Research Divisions: The research programmes of the institute are organized under five divisions: Crop Improvement, Crop Production, Crop Protection, Physiology, Biochemistry and Post Harvest Technology, and Social Sciences.
  • International Coconut Gene Bank: CPCRI hosts the International Coconut Gene Bank for South Asia, located at Kidu in Karnataka.
  • Coordinated Research Project: The institute serves as the headquarters of the All-India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Palms, furthering research efforts in this field.

April 2024