Call Us Now

+91 9606900005 / 04

For Enquiry

PIB Summaries 22 June 2024

  1. India’s Port Development Program Receives International Recognition
  2. 10th International Day of Yoga


India’s port development program received a significant boost as nine ports from the country were included in the Global Top 100 for the first time in the Container Port Performance Index (CPPI), 2023. This achievement has been attributed to the Sagarmala programme, which has concentrated on the modernisation and efficiency enhancement of the ports.


GS III: Infrastructure

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Highlights of the CPPI 2023
  2. What is Sagarmala Programme?

Key Highlights of the CPPI 2023


  • The CPPI (Container Port Performance Index) 2023 is a global index developed by the World Bank and S&P Global Market Intelligence.
  • It measures and compares the performance of container ports worldwide, focusing on the duration of port stay for container vessels.


  • The primary aim is to identify areas for improvement to benefit multiple stakeholders in the global trading system and supply chains, including ports, shipping lines, national governments, and consumers.

Global Ranking:

  • Top Ports:
    • 1st: Yangshan Port, China
    • 2nd: Port of Salalah, Oman
    • 3rd: Port of Cartagena
    • 4th: Tangier-Mediterranean
India’s Position:
  • Visakhapatnam Port:
    • Jumped from 115 in 2022 to 19 in 2023, becoming the first Indian port to reach the Global Top 20.
  • Mundra Port:
    • Improved its position from 48 last year to 27 in the current ranking.
  • Other Indian Ports in the Top 100:
    • Pipavav (41)
    • Kamarajar (47)
    • Cochin (63)
    • Hazira (68)
    • Krishnapatnam (71)
    • Chennai (80)
    • Jawaharlal Nehru (96)

What is Sagarmala Programme?

  • The Sagarmala programme is the flagship programme of the Ministry of Shipping to promote port-led development in the country through harnessing India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes.

Vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment. This includes:

  • Reducing cost of transporting domestic cargo through optimizing modal mix
  • Lowering logistics cost of bulk commodities by locating future industrial capacities near the coast
  • Improving export competitiveness by developing port proximate discrete manufacturing clusters
  • Optimizing time/cost of EXIM container movement
Components of Sagarmala Programme are:
  • Port Modernization & New Port Development: De-bottlenecking and capacity expansion of existing ports and development of new greenfield ports
  • Port Connectivity Enhancement: Enhancing the connectivity of the ports to the hinterland, optimizing cost and time of cargo movement through multi-modal logistics solutions including domestic waterways (inland water transport and coastal shipping)
  • Port-linked Industrialization: Developing port-proximate industrial clusters and Coastal Economic Zones to reduce logistics cost and time of EXIM and domestic cargo
  • Coastal Community Development: Promoting sustainable development of coastal communities through skill development & livelihood generation activities, fisheries development, coastal tourism etc.
  • Coastal Shipping & Inland Waterways Transport: Impetus to move cargo through the sustainable and environment-friendly coastal and inland waterways mode.


The 10th International Day of Yoga (IDY) is being celebrated on 21stJune 2024 with the theme of “Yoga for Self and Society”.


Facts for Prelims

About the 10th International Day of Yoga (IDY)

  • Celebration Date and Theme:
    • The 10th International Day of Yoga is celebrated on 21st June 2024.
    • The theme for this year is “Yoga for Self and Society”.
  • Establishment:
    • 21st June was proclaimed as the International Day of Yoga by the United Nations in 2014 through resolution 69/131.
    • The initiative to establish this day was introduced by India during the 69th session of the UN and received support from 175 member states.
  • First Celebration:
    • The first International Day of Yoga was observed in 2015 with the theme “Yoga for Harmony and Peace”.
  • Inaugural Event Records:
    • The inaugural IDY event in New Delhi set two Guinness World Records:
      • The largest yoga session with 35,985 participants.
      • The most nationalities (84) participating in a single session.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) Recognition:
    • The WHO acknowledges yoga as an effective tool for promoting a healthier lifestyle, enhancing both physical and mental health, and managing Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs).
  • Contribution to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):
    • Yoga is recognized as playing a vital role in achieving the SDGs, including a 15% reduction in physical inactivity by 2030.
  • Sports Discipline Recognition:
    • In 2015, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in India recognized yoga as a sports discipline and included it in the ‘Priority’ category.

July 2024