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PIB Summaries 23 January 2024

  1. Exercise CYCLONE
  2. Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

Focus: GS III: Security Challenges

Why in News?

The 2nd edition of India-Egypt Joint Special Forces Exercise CYCLONE will be conducted at Anshas, Egypt from 22nd January to 1st February 2024.  The first edition of the exercise was conducted last year in India.

About India-Egypt Joint Special Forces Exercise CYCLONE:

  •  Aim: To acquaint both the sides with each other’s operating procedures in the backdrop of Special Operations in desert/ semi desert terrain
  • It is designed to develop bilateral military cooperation and strengthen bond between two armies through conduct of discussions and rehearsal of tactical military drills.
  • The Exercise will involve planning and execution of special operations in sub conventional domain.
  • Phases: It will be conducted in three phases:
    • Phase I:  It will include Military Exhibitions and Tactical Interactions.
    • Phase II: It will focus on training on Improvised Explosive Device (IED), counter IED and Combat First Aid.
    • Phase III: It will encompass Joint Tactical Exercise based on Fighting in Built-up Area and Hostage Rescue Scenarios.
  • Significance:
    • The Exercise will provide an opportunity to both the contingents to strengthen their bond and share best practices.
    • It will also act as a platform to achieve shared security objectives and foster bilateral relations between two friendly nations.

Egypt – India Background of Bilateral Relationship:

  • India and Egypt, two of the world’s oldest civilizations, have had a long history of close contact.
  • The edicts of Ashoka refer to his relations with Egypt under Ptolemy II.
  • In modern times, the countries’ relationship flourished under President Nasser and Prime Minister Nehru, who were close friends; both countries signed a Friendship Treaty in 1955.
  • Relations Political
  • Both countries have worked closely together in multilateral fora and are founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement.
  • The year 2023 marks the 76th anniversary of India-Egypt diplomatic relations.

Focus: GS III- Indian Economy (Energy)

Why in News?

The Prime Minister of India recently chaired a meeting to launch “Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana” with the target of installing rooftop solar on 1 crore houses.

  • The mission aims to harness solar energy by every household with a roof to reduce their electricity bills.

About Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana:

  • Aim:
    • To provide electricity to low and middle-income individuals through solar rooftop installations, along with offering additional income for surplus electricity generation.
  • Target:
    • Under the scheme, around 1 crore households will get rooftop solar.
  • Energy Self-reliance:
    • By installing rooftop solar systems, the scheme aims to decrease India’s dependency on traditional energy sources and move towards sustainable energy practices.
    • The scheme is in line with Atmanirbhar Bharat.
  • Market Implications:
    • The initiative is expected to benefit companies involved in solar panel installation and related infrastructure, potentially leading to long-term investment opportunities.
  • Implementation of the scheme:
    • Awareness Campaigns: To educate potential beneficiaries about the scheme and its benefits.
    • Collaboration with Local Bodies: Involving panchayats, municipalities, or local NGOs for effective reach.
    • Monitoring and Feedback: Ensuring the scheme’s effectiveness and making necessary adjustments.

February 2024