- Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)
- Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Focus: Government Policies and Interventions
Why in News?
Recently, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) entered into a collaborative partnership.
Key Highlights of the Partnership:
Support for Women Entrepreneurs:
- The partnership aims to provide support for women looking to start or expand their own enterprises in sectors such as the care economy, digital economy, electric mobility, waste management, and food packaging.
Enhancing Poverty Alleviation and Livelihood Promotion:
- It seeks to enhance the implementation of national-level schemes for urban poverty alleviation and livelihood promotion by providing capacity building support to DAY-NULM.
Piloting Innovative Solutions:
- The partnership will pilot innovative solutions, particularly in the care economy domain, to address the challenges and opportunities faced by women entrepreneurs.
- The project will initially cover eight cities and span three years, with the possibility of extension beyond 2025.
- Capacity Building Support:
- UNDP will offer national-level capacity building support to DAY-NULM, focusing on knowledge generation and management, including compiling best practices related to urban poverty.
- UNDP and DAY-NULM will jointly engage in on-ground mobilization activities, identifying urban poverty pockets and potential entrepreneurs, and facilitating access to business development services.
Community Business Mentors:
- UNDP will develop community business mentors called Biz-Sakhis in selected project locations, who can support new and existing enterprises and serve as a resource for DAY-NULM.
Impact of Women Entrepreneurship:
- Women entrepreneurship is a proven strategy for poverty alleviation, financial independence, and reshaping gender norms.
- Increasing the number of women entrepreneurs not only empowers women but also accelerates economic growth and ensures a happy and healthy society.
Leveraging Expertise and Mandate:
- The partnership leverages UNDP’s experience in linking over 200,000 women with better employment opportunities and DAY-NULM’s mandate of uplifting urban communities through sustainable livelihood opportunities.
About Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)
Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) is a program launched in 2014 by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in India. Here are the key features of the mission:
- It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, meaning that both the central government and state governments contribute to its funding.
- The funding ratio between the Centre and the States is 75:25, except for the North Eastern and Special Category states, where the ratio is 90:10.
Mobilization and Self-Help Groups:
- DAY-NULM has successfully mobilized more than 8.4 million urban poor women across India.
- It has formed over 831,000 Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in over 4,000 towns as of 2023.
Objectives and Focus:
- The mission focuses on skill development and entrepreneurship among the urban poor, particularly women.
- It aims to enhance their capacity to access financial services and create sustainable livelihoods.
- The mission aims to uplift the urban poor by providing them with sustainable livelihood opportunities through skill development and access to credit.
- The mission includes various components such as skill training, self-employment, social mobilization and institution development, and street vendor rehabilitation.
Focus: GS I: Personalities In News
Why in News?
The Prime Minister has paid tributes to Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee on his Punya Tithi.
Syama Prasad Mukherjee:
Life and Education
- Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was born on July 6, 1901, in a Bengali family. His father was Ashutosh Mukherjee, a judge of the Calcutta High Court.
- He started his education in Bhawanipur’s Mitra Institution in 1906 and later studied at Presidency College.
- He stood seventeenth in the Inter-Arts Examination in 1916 and graduated in English, securing the first position in first class in 1921.
- He lost his father in 1924, and that same year he enrolled as an advocate in Calcutta High Court.
- In 1934, at the age of 33, he became the youngest vice-chancellor of Calcutta University.
Demand for Partition
- During Mukherjee’s tenure as Vice-Chancellor, Rabindranath Tagore delivered the university convocation address in Bengali for the first time, and the Indian vernacular was introduced as a subject for the highest examination.
- In 1946, Mukherjee demanded the partition of Bengal to prevent its Hindu-majority areas from being included in a Muslim-dominated East Pakistan.
- A meeting held by the Mahasabha on April 15, 1947, in Tarakeswar, authorised him to take steps for ensuring partition of Bengal.
- In May 1947, Mukherjee wrote a letter to Lord Mountbatten telling him that Bengal must be partitioned even if India was not.
- He also opposed a failed bid for a united but independent Bengal made in 1947 by Sarat Bose, the brother of Subhas Chandra Bose, and Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, a Bengali Muslim politician.
Political Career and Death
- Due to differences with then-Prime Minister Dr Jawaharlal Nehru on Jammu and Kashmir issues, he left the Indian National Congress.
- In 1977-1979, he co-founded the Janata Party, which later became the Bharatiya Janata Party.
- Mukherjee died after 40 days of being arrested by the Jammu and Kashmir State police for entering the state without a permit. He passed away in jail under mysterious circumstances.