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PIB Summaries 25 August 2022

CONTENTS

  1. Universal Postal Union
  2. Nova V1280 Scorpii

Universal Postal Union


Focus: GS II: International Relations

Why in News?

Recently, The Union Cabinet approved the ratification of amendments to the Constitution of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) as contained in the Eleventh Additional Protocol to the Constitution signed during the 27th Congress of the Universal Postal Union held at Abidjan 2021.

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

  • The UPU established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874 is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
  • The UPU’s headquarters are located in Bern, Switzerland.
  • The UPU contains four bodies consisting of the Congress, the Council of Administration (CA), the Postal Operations Council (POC) and the International Bureau (IB).
  • It also oversees the Telematics and Express Mail Service (EMS) cooperatives. Each member agrees to the same terms for conducting international postal duties.
  • India joined the UPU in 1876.

Click Here To Read More: Universal Postal Union


Nova V1280 Scorpii


Focus: GS III: Science and Technology

Why in News?

Scientists from SN Bose Centre for Basic Science (SNBCBS) observed the imploding novae called Nova V1280 Scorpii and found that a thick dust formed around it after a month and lasted for about 250 days.

About Novae

  • A nova is an astronomical occurrence in which a powerful explosion temporarily increases the brightness of a star by hundreds to millions of times before gradually dimming over the course of weeks or months.

Click Here To Read More: Nova V1280 Scorpii


 

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