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PIB Summaries 25 January 2024

  1. Bharat Ratna
  2. National Girl Child Day


Karpoori Thakur, a prominent Gandhian socialist leader and former Bihar chief minister will be awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’ posthumously. 


Facts for Prelims

About Bharat Ratna:

  • Highest Civilian Award: Bharat Ratna, instituted in 1954, stands as the highest civilian award in India.
  • Inclusive Criteria: The award is open to any individual without distinction of race, occupation, position, or gender. While predominantly awarded to India-born citizens, exceptions include the naturalized citizen Mother Teresa and non-Indians such as Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela.
Special Considerations:
  • Posthumous Awards: Originally, posthumous awards were not permitted, but the statutes were amended in 1955 to allow them. Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first posthumous recipient.
Recognition Criteria:
  • Exceptional Service: Conferred in recognition of exceptional service or performance of the highest order across any field of human endeavor.
Nomination Process:
  • Prime Minister’s Recommendation: The Prime Minister recommends the awardees to the President, and no formal recommendations are required.
  • Annual Cap: The number of awards is capped at a maximum of three per year.
Award Components:
  • Recognition: Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion. However, the award does not carry any monetary grant.

Focus: GS II- Vulnerable sections.

Why in News?

Nation Celebrates National Girl Child Day every year on 24th of January.

About National Girl Child Day:

  • National Girl Child Day is celebrated in the country on January 24 every year
  • It was first initiated in 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • Gender discrimination is a major problem that girls or women face throughout their life.
  • To provide support and opportunities to the girls of India.
  • To support the girl child of the nation and remove gender-based biases.
  • To promote awareness about the inequalities that a girl child faces and educate people about girl’s education.
  • The main focus is on changing society’s attitude towards girls, decrease female feticide and create awareness about the decreasing sex ratio.
  • To promote awareness about the rights of the girl child
  • To increase awareness on the importance of girl education, and their health and nutrition


February 2024