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PIB Summaries 25 July 2022

CONTENTS

  1. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  2. Chandra Shekhar Azad

Bal Gangadhar Tilak


Focus: GS I- Modern History

Why in News?

The Prime Minister has paid tribute to the great Lokmanya Tilak on his Jayanti.

About Bal Gangadhar Tilak:

  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak, commonly known as Lokamanya Tilak was a leader of the Indian independence movement and belonged to the extremist faction.
  • He was also called the ‘Father of Indian Unrest’.
  • Born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak in 1856 in Ratnagiri, modern-day Maharashtra.
Ideology:
  • He was a devout Hindu and used Hindu scriptures to rouse people to fight oppression.
  • Stressed on the need for self-rule and believed that without self-rule or swarajya, no progress was possible.
  • Slogan: “Swaraj is my birth right and I shall have it!”
  • Emphasised the importance of a cultural and religious revival to go with the political movements.
  • Popularised the Ganesh Chaturthi festival in the Maharashtra region.
  • Propounded the celebration of Shiv Jayanti on the birth anniversary of the monarch Chhatrapati Shivaji.

Click Here To Read More: Bal Gangadhar Tilak


 Chandra Shekhar Azad


Focus: GS I- Modern History

Why in News?

On 23rd July, India paid tribute to the freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad on his birth anniversary.

About Chandra Shekhar Azad:

  • Birth:  23rd July 1906 
  • Place: Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Early Life: Chandra Shekhar, then a 15-year-old student, joined a Non-Cooperation Movement in December 1921. As a result, he was arrested.
  • Death: He died at Azad Park in Allahabad on 27th February 1931.
  • On being presented before a magistrate, he gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantrata” (Independence) and his residence as “Jail” .Therefore, he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad.

Click Here To Read More: Chandra Shekhar Azad


 

 

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