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PIB Summaries 27 December 2022


  1. Good Governance Day
  2. Veer Bal Diwas

 Good Governance Day

Focus: GS II: Polity and Governance

Why in News?

Good Governance Day (25th December) is being celebrated on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

About Good Governance

  • Decision-making and decision-implementation processes are referred to as governance.
  • The term “governance” can be employed in a variety of situations, including corporate, national, international, and municipal government.
  • The method in which authority is exercised in the administration of a country’s economic and social resources for development is the definition of good governance.
  • Chanakya lived in an era when good administration was a concept. In Arthashastra, he had elaborated on the subject.
  • Good governance is based on administration that is centred on the needs of the citizenry.

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Veer Bal Diwas

Focus: GS I: History

Why in News?

Prime Minister of India had recently announced that 26th December will be observed as ‘Veer Bal Diwas’, to mark the martyrdom of Sri Guru Gobind Singh’s sons.

About Veer Bal Diwas:

  • On December 26, 1707, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh attained martyrdom when they were executed on the orders of Aurangzeb.

About Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji

  • Guru Gobind Singh, born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
  • When his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was executed by Aurangzeb, Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs at the age of nine, becoming the tenth and final human Sikh Guru.
  • His notable contribution to Sikhism is the establishment of the Khalsa in 1699.
  • The only son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna in December 1666.
  • He was educated in reading, writing, and also martial arts, archery and horse riding.
  • Not only was he a brave warrior, but he was also a great poet and philosopher.
  • His literary contributions include the Jaap Sahib, Benti Chaupai, Amrit Savaiye, etc.
  • He took part in many battles, particularly against the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb.
  • Guru Gobind Singh also wrote the Zafarnama which was a letter to the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb is believed to have agreed to a meeting with the Guru but died before that.

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    November 2023