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PIB Summaries 29 December 2022

CONTENTS

  1. Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive
  2. Tuberculosis

Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive


Focus:  GS I- Indian culture.

Why in News?

President of India lays foundation stone for PRASHAD project in Bhadrachalam and UNESCO World Heritage Site at Rudreshwar Temple (Ramappa), Mulugu in Telangana

About PRASAD SCHEME 

  • The ‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive’ (PRASAD) was launched by the Ministry of Tourism in the year 2014-15 with the objective of holistic development of identified pilgrimage destinations.
  • The name of the scheme was changed from PRASAD to “National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive (PRASHAD)” in October 2017.
  • After the discontinuation of the HRIDAY scheme of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, the development of Heritage destinations was included in the PRASAD Scheme, changing it to PRASHAD.
  • Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) is a Central Sector Scheme that focuses on identifying and developing the pilgrim sites across the country to enrich the religious tourism experience. It was launched by the Ministry of Tourism.
  • The Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments for promoting tourism at identified destinations. For components within public funding under this scheme, Central Government will provide 100% fund.
  • For improved sustainability of project, it also seeks to involve Public Private Partnership (PPP) and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as well.
Objectives of PRASHAD Scheme
  • It wants to Harness pilgrimage tourism for its direct and multiplier effect upon employment generation and economic development.
  • It Enhances tourist attractiveness in sustainable manner by developing world class infrastructure in the religious destinations.
  • It also seeks to promote local art, culture, handicraft, cuisine, etc.
  • It Strengthen the mechanism for bridging the infrastructural gaps.
  • It follow community based development and create awareness among the local communities.
Below are the 12 cities initial chosen under PRASHAD Scheme
  • Kamakhya (Assam),
  • Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh)
  • Dwaraka (Gujarat), 
  • Gaya (Bihar),
  • Amritsar (Punjab),
  • Ajmer (Rajasthan),
  • Puri (Odisha), 
  • Kedarnath (Uttarakhand)
  • Kanchipuram(Tamil Nadu)
  • Velankanni (Tamil Nadu),
  • Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), 
  • Mathura (Uttar Pradesh).

Tuberculosis


Focus: GS II: Health

Why in News?

Recently, IndianOil embarks on Intensified TB Elimination Project in Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in collaboration with Central TB Division.

About Tuberculosis

  • TB remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer.
  • Each day, over 4000 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill with this preventable and curable disease
  • TB is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs.
  • Transmission: TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air.
  • Symptoms: Cough with sputum and blood at times, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats.
  • Treatment: TB is a treatable and curable disease. It is treated with a standard 6 month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs that are provided with information, supervision and support to the patient by a health worker or trained volunteer.
  • Anti-TB medicines have been used for decades and strains that are resistant to 1 or more of the medicines have been documented in every country surveyed.
  • Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of TB caused by bacteria that do not respond to isoniazid and rifampicin, the 2 most powerful, first-line anti-TB drugs. MDR-TB is treatable and curable by using second-line drugs.
  • Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) is a more serious form of MDR-TB caused by bacteria that do not respond to the most effective second-line anti-TB drugs, often leaving patients without any further treatment options.

Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY)

  • It is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) scheme for nutritional support to Tuberculosis (TB) patients rolled out in April 2018 by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme under National Health Mission (NHM).
    • Financial norms of NHM in terms of cost sharing are applicable to the scheme.
  • This scheme is implemented across all States and UTs in India.
  • All TB patients notified on or after 1st April 2018 including all existing TB patients under treatment are eligible to receive incentives.
  • The patient must be registered\notified on the NIKSHAY portal.

About Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan

  • It has been envisioned to bring together all community stakeholders to support those on TB treatment and accelerate the country’s progress towards TB elimination.
  • This is aimed at working towards TB elimination from the country by 2025.
  • Under the scheme, individuals, NGOs and corporates can adopt TB patients by committing support for 1-3 years. 
  • To join the initiative, they have to register on the site, which has an anonymous list of TB patients, categorized according to the primary health centres, blocks, districts and states. 
  • The sponsors can select the number of patients as per their capacity.
Components of the scheme: 
  • The Ni-kshay Mitra initiative which forms a vital component of the `Abhiyaan’ is also launched along with the Abhiyaan.
    • This portal provides a platform for donors to provide various forms of support to those undergoing TB treatment. 
  • The three-pronged support includes:
    • Nutritional, 
    • Additional diagnostic,
    • Vocational support. 

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