- Bhagat Singh
- National Disaster Management Authority
Focus: GS I: History
Why in News?
The Prime Minister has bowed to Shaheed Bhagat Singh on his birth anniversary.
Who is Bhagat Singh?
- In 1907, Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family in Lyallpur District, Pakistan.
- Singh was lured to the Indian independence movement from a young age since his family members were participating in the struggle for independence.
- He disobeyed the British government as a child by destroying textbooks that it advised.
- He first backed Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement.
- Bhagat Singh converted to revolutionary nationalism after Gandhi withdrew the campaign in the aftermath of the Chauri Chaura tragedy.
- The Jallianwala Bagh massacre (1919) and the violence against unarmed Akali protestors at Nankana Sahib had a profound impact on him (1921).
- Inspired by leftist writings he read widely, Singh was an atheist and against capitalism.
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Focus: GS III- Disaster Management
Why in News?
The National Disaster Management Authority celebrated its 18th Formation Day in New Delhi.
The theme for this year’s Foundation Day was “Volunteerism in Disaster Management”.
National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
- National Disaster Management Authority, abbreviated as NDMA, is an apex Body of Government of India, with a mandate to lay down policies for disaster management.
- NDMA was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India in 2005. Hence, NDMA is a Statutory body.
- The vision of NDMA is “To build a safe and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster oriented and technology - driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response”.
- NDMA is responsible for framing policies, laying down guidelines and best-practices for coordinating with the State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs) to ensure a holistic and distributed approach to disaster management.
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