- National Commission for Women
- Mahatma Gandhi
Focus: GS II: Polity and Governance
Why in News?
The Hon’ble President of India will address the 31st Foundation Day of the National Commission for Women in Delhi.
- The theme of the programme is ‘Sashakt Nari Sashakt Bharat’ aimed at acknowledging and celebrating the stories of women who have excelled and paved their journey to leave a mark.
About the National Commission for Women (NCW)
- The National Commission for Women (NCW) is the statutory body of the Government of India – Established under provisions of the 1990 National Commission for Women Act.
- NCW is generally concerned with advising the government on all policy matters affecting women.
- The objective of the NCW is to represent the rights of women in India and to provide a voice for their issues and concerns.
- The subjects of their campaigns have included dowry, politics, religion, equal representation for women in jobs, and the exploitation of women for labour.
- They have also discussed police abuses against women.
- The commission regularly publishes a monthly newsletter, Rashtra Mahila, in both Hindi and English.
Violence against women in India
- The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data show that 24% of women faced domestic violence in 2015-16 not seeing any reduction since 2005-06.
- Compared to the survey results, the actual reports of domestic violence to the police are negligible at 58.8/ one lakh women.
- The disparity between the crimes reported in a survey and registered with the police highlights how women are unlikely to seek help.
- The more telling statistic from the NFHS data is perhaps that 52% of the surveyed women and 42% of the surveyed men think there is at least one valid reason for wife-beating.
- This attitude highlights how ingrained and normalised the idea is such that an abused woman should not expect support from others.
- The NFHS data also highlight how the proportion of women reporting violence is increasing among families with lower wealth.
- The lockdown due to the pandemic is leading to a substantial negative income shock for everyone.
- In our interviews with unorganised sector workers, we often heard that women suffered domestic violence coupled with the husband’s alcoholism.
- The NFHS data also show a high correlation between alcohol intake and domestic violence. Keeping in mind that access to alcohol may be limited in these times, frustration could also lead to abuse.
Constitutional Safeguards and Legislations
- Fundamental Rights: It guarantees all Indian women equality (Article 14), no discrimination by the State on the basis of gender (Article 15(1)) and special provisions to be made by the State in favour of women (Article 15(3)).
- Directive Principles of State Policies (DPSP): It ensures equal pay for equal work (Article 39 (d)).
- Fundamental Duties: It ensures that practices derogatory to the dignity of women are prohibited under Article 51 (A).
- Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005: It provides victims of domestic violence with a means for practical remedy through prosecution.
- The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961: It prohibits the request, payment or acceptance of a dowry.
- The sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and redressal) Act, 2013: This legislative act seeks to protect women from sexual harassment at their place of work.
Focus: GS I: History
Why in News?
Prime Minister of India paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 75th Death Anniversary at Gandhi Smriti, New Delhi.
- Martyr’s Day is observed on 30th January every year in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and his contributions to the nation.
About Mahatma Gandhi
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in Gujarat and died on January 30, 1948, at Gandhi Smriti, New Delhi.
- He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in the Birla House during his evening prayers.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Death Anniversary
- Introduction: Mahatma Gandhi, also known as the “Father of the Nation,” was a political and spiritual leader in India who played a key role in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948.
- Observation: Every year on January 30th, the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is observed in India and around the world to commemorate his life and legacy.
- Significance: Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary is a day to reflect on his teachings and principles, including non-violent resistance and civil disobedience, which inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
- Commemoration: On this day, tributes and prayers are held at Gandhi’s memorial in Delhi, and various other memorials and events are organized by the government, non-profit organizations, and individuals to pay homage to his life and achievements.
- Conclusion: Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary serves as a reminder of his unwavering commitment to truth, justice, and peace and his lasting impact on India and the world.