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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Focus: GS II- Government Policies and Interventions

Why in News?

Recently, the Ministry of Education informed Lok Sabha that, during 2021-22, more than 3 Lakh women were trained under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a skill development initiative scheme of the Government of India for recognition and standardisation of skills.
  • Launched in 2015, it is a flagship program of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
  • National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) implements it with the help of training partners.
  • Under this Scheme, Training and Assessment fees are completely paid by the Government.
  • Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.

PMKVY 2.0:

  • The PMKVY 2016–20 (PMKVY 2.0) was introduced with increased sectoral and geographic scalability as well as stronger alignment with other Government of India goals like Make in India, Digital India, Swachh Bharat, etc.
  • Two Components for Implementation:
    • Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM): 
      • National Skill Development Corporation implemented this element.
      • 75% of the PMKVY 2016–20 funding have been distributed under CSCM, together with the accompanying physical targets.
    • Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM): 
      • This component was implemented by State Governments through State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs).
      • The CSSM programme has received 25% of the PMKVY 2016–20 money and related physical targets.

PMKVY 3.0

  • The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has launched the third phase of its flagship scheme—Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 3.0 (PMKVY 3.0) in January 2021.
  • PMKVY 3.0 will encourage and promote skill development throughout the country to address the industry needs, meet the market demands, impart skills in services and in new-age job roles that have become crucial in the post- pandemic era.
The Prime Objectives of PMKVY 3.0 are:
  • Create an ecosystem for the youth to make informed choices on the available skilling avenues.
  • Provide support to youth for skill training and certification.
  • Promote sustainable Skill Centres for greater participation of private sector.
  • Benefit 8 lakh youth across the country.

Key Components

  • Short Term Training: Training as per National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) is provided to those who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed.
  • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): An individual with a certain set of skills or with prior learning experience is assessed and certified under RPL with grade according to the NSQF.
  • Special Projects: This component ensures training in special areas and premises of government bodies and corporate. It aims to encourage training in vulnerable and marginalized groups of society.
  • Training Partners (TPs) are mandated to organize Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months, thus providing placement assistance to certified ones.

Aims of PMKVY

  • Its Aim is to encourage aptitude towards employable skills and to increase working efficiency of probable and existing daily wage earners, by giving monetary awards and rewards and by providing quality training to them.
  • It aims to mobilize youth to take up skill training with the aim of increasing productivity and aligning the training and certification to the needs of the country.
  • To enable a large number of Indian youths to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
  • Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).

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