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Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)


Under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, Aadhaar cards being misused to create beneficiaries under Per Drop More Crop Scheme in Jharkhand state has been revealed.


GS II: Government policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
  2. Objectives

About Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY):

  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (Core Scheme) launched in 2015.
  • The funding pattern for the scheme is 75:25 between the Central and State governments. However, for the north-eastern region and hilly states, the funding pattern is 90:10.
  • The scheme aims to benefit approximately 22 lakh farmers, including 2.5 lakh scheduled caste farmers and two lakh scheduled tribe farmers.
  • In 2020, the Ministry of Jal Shakti launched a mobile application for Geo-Tagging of the components of projects under PMKSY. This application helps in tagging and monitoring the various components of irrigation projects under the scheme.
It was created by merging the following schemes:
  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) under the Ministry of Jal Shakti (formerly Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation).
  • Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) under the Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development.
  • On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) under the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
  • Implementation: Decentralized implementation through State Irrigation Plan and District Irrigation Plan.
PMKSY consists of two major components:
  • Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP): This component focuses on creating irrigation infrastructure and increasing water availability for agricultural purposes.
  • Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP): This component includes four sub-components:
    • Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM)
    • Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI)
    • Repair, Renovation, and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies
    • Ground Water (GW) Development
Additionally, PMKSY also includes two other components:
  • Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) component: Implemented by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, this component aims to improve water use efficiency and promote efficient irrigation practices.
  • Watershed Development component (WDC): Implemented by the Department of Land Resources, this component focuses on integrated watershed management for sustainable agriculture and rural livelihoods.


  • Convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level.
  • Expansion of cultivable area under irrigation.
  • Improving on-farm water use efficiency to reduce water wastage.
  • Promoting the adoption of precision irrigation and other water-saving technologies
  • Improve aquifer recharge and sustainable water conservation practices by examining the potential of using treated municipal water for peri-urban agriculture.
  • Attract more private investment in precision irrigation systems.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023