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Rail-Sea-Rail (RSR) Transportation


The Ministry of Coal is promoting the Rail-Sea-Rail (RSR) transportation strategy, aimed at streamlining the movement of domestic coal.


GS III: Infrastructure

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Rail-Sea-Rail (RSR) Transportation
  2. Growth and Future Significance
  3. Challenges and Considerations

Rail-Sea-Rail (RSR) Transportation:

Innovative Multimodal Strategy

  • RSR is a pioneering multimodal transportation approach.
  • Integrates rail and sea routes to ensure seamless coal movement from mines to ports and final users.

Enhanced Efficiency and Reduced Costs

  • Objective: Aims to boost logistical efficiency and decrease transportation expenses.

Addressing Coal Movement Challenges

  • Purpose: RSR targets efficient coal transfer from production centers to regions of consumption.
  • Significant Dispatch: Around 75% of domestic raw coal dispatch originates from major coal-producing states like Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and Jharkhand.
  • Coal Production Projection: The Ministry of Coal anticipates an increased coal production to meet escalating energy demand, with a projected CAGR of about 7.7% by FY’30.
Leveraging Coastal Shipping
  • Coastal Shipping Advantage: Coastal shipping is cost-effective and environmentally conscious for transporting goods, including coal.
  • Port Potential: RSR emphasizes tapping into the potential of ports along India’s Southern and Western coasts.
  • Effective Distribution: Ensures streamlined coal movement to powerhouses in states such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh.
Cost Efficiency and Competitiveness
  • Cost Savings: Adoption of RSR could lead to substantial cost reduction.
  • Potential Savings: Estimated savings of Rs. 760-1300 per ton for end-users in Southern India.
  • Competitive Edge: Cost benefits make domestically produced coal more competitive against imported coal.
Reducing Congestion and Logistics Enhancement
  • Railway Dominance: Presently, railways handle 55% of coal evacuation, with a vision to elevate this to 75% by FY’30.
  • Alleviating Congestion: RSR aims to alleviate congestion on conventional rail routes prone to bottlenecks due to high traffic.

Growth and Future Significance

  • Remarkable Growth: Rail-sea-rail coal transportation has grown by approximately 125% in the past four years.
  • Increasing Coal Production: With a predicted doubling of coal production in the next seven years, RSR’s success becomes pivotal for uninterrupted coal supply across consumption centers.

Challenges and Considerations

  • Infrastructure Requirements: Efficient RSR implementation necessitates robust rail and port infrastructure.
  • Risk Mitigation: Addressing potential challenges like adverse weather, technical glitches, and transport disruptions through risk mitigation strategies.
  • Collaborative Execution: Seamless collaboration among Ministries involved in RSR strategy implementation is vital for smooth execution.

April 2024