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Red Sand Boad


A report by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)-India has pointed out 172 incidents of seizures of red sand boa between the years 2016-2021.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Red Sand Boa
  2. Conservation Status

Red Sand Boa

  • Belongs to the subfamily Erycinae in the Boidae family.
  • Commonly known as the Indian Sand Boa.
Distribution and Behavior
  • Non-venomous species found in arid regions across the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is ovoviviparous and nocturnal and spends the majority of its time under the ground.
  • Endemic to Iran, Pakistan, and India.
Physical Characteristics
  • Typically reddish-brown, with a robust body averaging around 75 cm in length.
  • Unusual Tail: The tail is nearly as thick as the body, creating a distinctive “double-headed” appearance.
Ecological Role
  • Contributes to ecosystem balance by regulating prey and predator populations.
  • Diet includes rodents, lizards, and even other snakes.

Conservation Status

  • IUCN: Classified as “Near Threatened.”
  • Protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (Schedule IV).
  • Listed in CITES Appendix II.

-Source: The Hindu

May 2024