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Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)

Context:

Currently, the National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) is developing 900 rainwater harvesting (RWH) pits along the Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) corridor in a move to ensure environmental sustainability.


Relevance:

GS III: Infrastructure

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)

Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)

  • RRTS is an integrated, mass transit network with semi-high-speed rail connectivity at its core.
  • Its purpose is to promote balanced and sustainable urban development by improving connectivity and accessibility across the National Capital Region (NCR).
Origin:
  • The concept of RRTS emerged from an Indian Railways study conducted in 1998-99.
  • This study highlighted the potential for an RRTS network connecting various NCR locations through rapid commuter trains.
  • In 2006, the proposal gained traction as Delhi Metro lines expanded to NCR towns like Gurgaon, Noida, and Ghaziabad.
  • The National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) adopted the concept as it developed the Functional Plan on Transport for NCR-2032.
  • NCRPB identified and recommended eight RRTS corridors to connect NCR towns through high-speed rail-based commuter transit services.
Objectives:
  • The RRTS aims to unleash the NCR’s full potential and enhance multi-modal connectivity at transportation hubs.
  • It encourages public transportation use to reduce road and metro/rail congestion.
  • The project aims to stimulate employment generation and create new commercial hubs in the NCR.
  • Shorter travel times are expected to boost the region’s economic productivity.
Features:
  • RRTS trains are faster than metro trains, with speeds of 160 km/hour (up to 180 km/hour).
  • The RRTS model is based on systems like Paris’ RER, Germany and Austria’s Regional-Express trains, and the U.S.’ SEPTA Regional Rail, among others.
Differences from Existing Systems:
  • RRTS is faster than metros.
  • Compared to Indian Railways, RRTS covers shorter distances but offers higher frequency and more comfort.

-Source: Times of India


June 2024
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