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Registration of Birth and Death (RBD) Act, 1969


Recently, the Union Home Ministry proposed amendment to the Registration of Birth and Death (RBD) Act, 1969. The bill will be introduced in the winter session of parliament.


GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What changes are being proposed?
  2. Need for the Amendments
  3. About Registration of Birth and Death (RBD) Act, 1969

What changes are being proposed?

  • It has been proposed to make birth certificates a mandatory document for almost every sphere of life — admission in educational institutions, inclusion in the voter list, appointment in Central and State government jobs, issue of driving licence and passport.
  • It shall be mandatory for hospitals and medical institutions to provide a copy of all death certificates, stating the cause of death, to the local registrar apart from the relative of the deceased.
  • The country’s birth registration level improved to 92.7% in 2019 from 82.0% in 2010, and the level of recorded deaths increased from 66.9% in 2010 to 92.0% in 2019, according to the Civil Registration System (CRS) report.
  • CRS is an online system for registration of births and deaths under the operational control of the RGI.

Need for the Amendments

  • The proposed amendments will make it possible for the Ministry of Home Affairs’ (MHA) Registrar General of India (RGI) to “keep a database of registered births and deaths at the national level.”
  • The RGI will provide a birth and death database at the national level that may be used to update the Aadhar, ration card, passport, driving licence, population register, and electoral register databases.
  • If the changes are made, the Center might use the information to update the National Population Register (NPR), which was created in 2010 and updated in 2015 via door-to-door enumeration.
  • According to the Citizenship Rules of 2003, the NPR is the first step toward the formation of a National Register of Citizens, and it already has

About Registration of Birth and Death (RBD) Act, 1969

  • Registration of Births and Deaths in India is mandatory with the enactment of RBD, Act 1969 and is done as per the place of occurrence of the event.
  • The RBD Act mandates that births and deaths be registered by the States.
  • Facilities have been set up by state governments for keeping records of births, deaths, and registrations.
  • Every State appoints a Chief Registrar who is in charge of carrying out the Act’s provisions.
  • The work is performed by a hierarchy of authorities at the district and lower levels.
  • The RGI, chosen in accordance with this Act, is in charge of organising and unifying the RBD Act’s execution.

-Source: The Hindu

May 2024