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Rural road schemes get more time

Context:

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved continuation of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)-I and II up to September, 2022, and Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas up to March, 2023.

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice and Governance (Welfare Schemes, Government Initiatives and Policies)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
  2. Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, was launched in 2000 to provide all-weather access to unconnected habitations.
  • The Ministry of Rural Development along with the State Governments is responsible for the implementation of PMGSY.

PMGSY – Phase I

PMGSY – Phase I was launched in 2000 as a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme with an objective to provide single all-weather road connectivity to eligible unconnected habitation of designated population size for overall socio-economic development of the areas.

PMGSY – Phase II

  • The Phase II of PMGSY was approved in 2013, and while the ongoing PMGSY – I continued – under PMGSY phase II, the roads already built for village connectivity was to be upgraded to enhance rural infrastructure.
  • For the 12th Five Year Plan period a target of 50,000 Km length under PMGSY-II. 75 per cent of the cost of the upgradation was by the Centre and 25 per cent by the state.
  • For hill states, desert areas, Schedule V areas and Naxal-affected districts, 90 per cent of cost was borne by the Centre.

PMGSY – Phase III

  • The Phase III was approved by the Cabinet in 2019.
  • It involves consolidation of Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals.
  • Under the PMGSY-III Scheme, it is proposed to consolidate 1,25,000 Km road length in the States, and the duration of the scheme is 2019-20 to 2024-25.
  • The funds would be shared in the ratio of 60:40 between the Centre and State for all States except for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan States (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand) for which it is 90:10.

Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas

  • The Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas was launched in 2016.
  • It is envisaged in LWE States including the 44 LWE affected districts in 9 States. It also includes the 35 worst affected LWE districts which account for 90% of total LWE violence in the country.
  • The roads taken up under the scheme would include Other District Roads (ODRs), Village Roads (VRs) and upgradation of the existing Major District Roads (MDRs) that are critical from the security point of view.
  • Bridges up to a span of 100 meters, critical from security angle would also be funded on these roads.
  • The National Highways and the State Highways are excluded from this project.
  • The roads to be constructed under this project have been identified by Union Ministry of Home Affairs in close consultation with the State Governments and the security agencies.

-Source: The Hindu

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