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SAMAR Air Defence Missile System


The Indian Air Force (IAF) has successfully test fired the ‘SAMAR’ air defence missile system recently.


GS III: Defence

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. SAMAR Air Defence Missile System: Enhancing Aerial Protection
  2. Key Facts about Akash Missile (SAM) Defence System

SAMAR Air Defence Missile System: Enhancing Aerial Protection

  • Surface to Air Missile for Assured Retaliation (SAMAR) is a short-range air-defence system.
  • Developed by a unit under the IAF’s Maintenance Command.
  • Maximum range of 10–12 km.
  • Targets low-flying aerial threats.
  • Missile speed: 2 to 2.5 Mach.
SAMAR-1 System:
  • Utilizes the IAF’s shelf-life-expired Russian Vympel R-73E infrared-guided air-to-air missiles (AAMs) for the surface-to-air role.
  • Twin-turret launch platform launches two missiles in single and salvo modes.
  • Each launcher equipped with a visible electro-optic system.
  • Expected to replace ageing Pechora and OSA-AK systems, complementing Akash and SPYDER systems.

Key Facts about Akash Missile (SAM) Defence System:

  • Short-Range Surface-to-Air Missile (SRSAM) Defence System developed by DRDO.
  • Simultaneously engages multiple targets, including UAVs, fighter aircraft, cruise missiles, and missiles from helicopters.
  • Built-in Electronic Counter-Counter Measures (ECCM) features.
  • Configured for static or mobile platforms, providing flexible deployment.
  • Road and rail transportable, quick mobilisation and deployment.
  • Engages aerial targets up to a range of approximately 25 km.


March 2024