Focus:  Prelims- Details about the tribes and their status
Mains- Society(GS1), Governance(GS2), Internal security(GS3)

Why in news?

Union Minister for Home Affairs presided over the signing of an agreement between Government of India, Governments of Tripura and Mizoram and Bru-Reang representatives in New Delhi today, to end the 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis


  • Under the new agreement, he informed, around 34,000 Bru refugees will be settled in Tripura and would be given aid from the Centre to help with their rehabilitation and all round development
  • A package of around Rs 600 crores has been announced for the same purpose
  • These people would get all the rights that normal residents of the States get and they would now be able to enjoy the benefits of social welfare schemes of Centre and State governments.

Background of conflicts

  • In 1997, following ethnic tension, around 5,000 families comprising around 30,000 Bru-Reang tribals were forced to flee Mizoram and seek shelter in Tripura.
  • These people were housed in temporary camps at Kanchanpur, in North Tripura.
  • Till 2014, 1622 Bru-Reang families returned to Mizoram in different batches.

Bru Tribe:

  • The Brus, sometimes also called Reangs, are tribes in Northeast India
  • They are spread across the states of Tripura, Assam, Manipur, and Mizoram.
  • In Tripura, they have been  recognised as a PVTG. 
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