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Sagarmala Programme

Focus: GS III- Infrastructure

Why in News?

The National Sagarmala Apex Committee (NSAC) met recently at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi, and was chaired by Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways (MoPSW).

  • The meeting explored the holistic development of coastal communities through a new project called “Sagartat Samriddhi Yojana.”

Sagartat Samriddhi Yojana

  • During the launching of “Maritime India Vision 2030” in March 2021, the Prime Minister introduced the Sagarmala – Sagartat Samridhi Yojana.
  • The MoPSW developed this extensive initiative to solve issues in the country’s coastal areas.
  • The Sagartat Samriddhi Yojna has identified 1,049 projects with a total cost estimate of Rs 3,62,229 crores.

The four key areas in which this initiative falls include:

  • Coastal Infrastructure Development
  • Coastal Tourism
  • Coastal Industrial Development
  • Coastal Community Development

What is Sagarmala Programme?

  • The Sagarmala programme is the flagship programme of the Ministry of Shipping to promote port-led development in the country through harnessing India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes.

Objectives:

Vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment. This includes:

  • Reducing cost of transporting domestic cargo through optimizing modal mix
  • Lowering logistics cost of bulk commodities by locating future industrial capacities near the coast
  • Improving export competitiveness by developing port proximate discrete manufacturing clusters
  • Optimizing time/cost of EXIM container movement

Components of Sagarmala Programme are:

  • Port Modernization & New Port Development: De-bottlenecking and capacity expansion of existing ports and development of new greenfield ports
  • Port Connectivity Enhancement: Enhancing the connectivity of the ports to the hinterland, optimizing cost and time of cargo movement through multi-modal logistics solutions including domestic waterways (inland water transport and coastal shipping)
  • Port-linked Industrialization: Developing port-proximate industrial clusters and Coastal Economic Zones to reduce logistics cost and time of EXIM and domestic cargo
  • Coastal Community Development: Promoting sustainable development of coastal communities through skill development & livelihood generation activities, fisheries development, coastal tourism etc.
  • Coastal Shipping & Inland Waterways Transport: Impetus to move cargo through the sustainable and environment-friendly coastal and inland waterways mode.
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September 2022
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