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TRIFED’s Artisanal Treasures

Context:

The G20 Summit witnessed a remarkable showcase of India’s rich tribal heritage and craftsmanship, curated and presented by TRIFED (Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India), Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Artisanal Treasures by TRIFED:

Longpi Pottery:
  • Origin: Named after the village of Longpi in Manipur, practiced by the Tangkhul Naga tribes.
  • Technique: Longpi pottery is unique as it does not involve the potter’s wheel; all shaping is done by hand and with the help of moulds.
  • Characteristics: Recognizable by its grey-black cooking pots, sturdy kettles, charming bowls, mugs, and nut trays. Some pieces feature fine cane handles.
Chhattisgarh Wind Flutes:
  • Curators: Crafted by the Gond Tribe of Bastar in Chhattisgarh.
  • Musicality: The ‘Sulur’ bamboo wind flute stands out for its unique musical capabilities, producing melodies with a simple one-handed twirl.
  • Utility: Beyond music, the ‘Sulur’ serves practical purposes, assisting tribal men in warding off animals and guiding cattle through jungles.
Gujarat Hangings:
  • Curators: Crafted by the Bhil & Patelia Tribe in Dahod, Gujarat.
  • Design Evolution: These hangings feature mirror work, zari, stones, and beads, blending tradition with contemporary fashion.
Rajasthan Artistry:
  • Glass Mosaic Pottery: This art captures mosaic designs crafted into lampshades and candle holders. When lit, they create a stunning kaleidoscope of colors, adding vibrancy to any space.
  • Meenakari: This is the art of decorating metal surfaces with vibrant mineral substances, introduced by the Mughals. Delicate designs are etched onto metal, creating grooves for colors to nestle in. Each hue is fired individually, resulting in intricate, enamel-adorned pieces.
  • Metal Ambabari Craft: Curated by the Meena Tribe, it also employs enamelling, a meticulous process that elevates metal decoration. Today, it extends beyond gold to metals like silver and copper.

May 2024
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