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Unique Economic Offender Code


The government plans to introduce a new mechanism whereby companies and individuals accused of economic offences will be assigned a unique code called the ‘Unique Economic Offender Code’.


GS III: Indian Economy

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Unique Economic Offender Code: An Overview
  2. About National Economic Offence Records

Unique Economic Offender Code: An Overview

Alpha-Numeric and System-Generated Code:

  • The code assigned to economic offenders will be a combination of alphabets and numbers.
  • The code will be automatically generated by the system.

Issuance of the Code:

  • The National Economic Offence Records (NEOR) will issue the code.
  • NEOR will receive offender data from the police or central investigative agency.
  • Once the data is received, NEOR will assign a unique code to each offender.

Linking the Code:

  • The code will be connected to the offender’s Aadhaar number (for individuals) or PAN (for companies).
  • This linkage ensures that the code is specific to each offender.
Efficient Multi-Agency Probes:

Swift Launch of Probes:

  • Authorities can initiate multi-agency investigations promptly with this system.
  • They are not required to wait for chargesheets to be filed before commencing a probe.

Comprehensive Offender Profile:

  • The unique code, when combined with NEOR, will create a 360-degree profile of the economic offender.
  • This profile will contain detailed records of the offender’s economic offenses.

About National Economic Offence Records:

National Economic Offence Records (NEOR) is a comprehensive database or repository that centrally stores information about economic offenses. Here are the key details about NEOR:

Purpose and Function:

Central Repository of Economic Offenses:

  • NEOR serves as a centralized system for storing data related to economic offenses.
  • It collects and maintains information on various economic offenders.

Sharing Data with Intelligence and Enforcement Agencies:

  • NEOR facilitates the sharing of data concerning economic offenders with both central and state intelligence and enforcement agencies.
  • This sharing of information enables collaboration and coordinated efforts in dealing with economic offenses.
Development and Implementation:

Coordinated Project by Central Economic Intelligence Bureau:

  • The Central Economic Intelligence Bureau is responsible for coordinating and overseeing the development of the NEOR project.
  • The bureau works in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre to complete the project successfully.

Migration of Data from Central and State Agencies:

  • Once the NEOR project is completed, data from both central and state agencies will be transferred to the national repository.
  • This migration process utilizes API (application programming interface) software, minimizing the possibility of manual intervention.
  • The use of API software ensures seamless and efficient data transfer.


Centralized and Consolidated Data:

  • NEOR facilitates the consolidation of economic offense-related data from various agencies into a single repository.
  • This centralized data allows for better analysis, monitoring, and decision-making in tackling economic offenses.

Enhanced Collaboration and Coordination:

  • By sharing data across intelligence and enforcement agencies, NEOR promotes collaboration and coordination in addressing economic offenses.
  • It enables agencies to work together efficiently and take prompt actions against economic offenders.

Reduced Manual Interference:

  • The implementation of NEOR, coupled with the use of API software, reduces the scope for manual interference in data migration.
  • This automation ensures accuracy, reliability, and streamlined processes in managing economic offense-related data.

-Source: Times of India

July 2024