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Very Short-Range Air Defence System

Context:

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully conducted two flight tests of the Very Short-Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile.

Relevance:

GS III: Defence

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Very Short-Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS): Safeguarding Low-Altitude Spaces

Very Short-Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS): Safeguarding Low-Altitude Spaces

Strategic Overview:

  • VSHORADS stands as a fourth-generation Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD), meticulously crafted to counter low-altitude aerial threats across short distances.

Characteristics:

  • Short-Range and Lightweight:
    • These systems are characterized by their short-range nature, lightweight construction, and portability, allowing them to be operated by individuals or small groups.

Indigenous Development:

  • DRDO’s Innovation Hub:
    • Developed domestically, VSHORADS is a product of the Research Centre Imarat (RCI) in Hyderabad, under the umbrella of the Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Collaboration with various DRDO laboratories and Indian industry partners contributed to its creation.
Key Features:
  • Defensive Capabilities:
    • Designed with a focus on short-range air defense, VSHORADS serves to protect ground forces and critical assets from low-altitude threats, encompassing helicopters and low-flying aircraft.
  • Effective Range:
    • Boasting a range of up to 6 kilometers, this system provides a robust shield against aerial intrusions.
  • Cutting-Edge Technologies:
    • Equipped with advanced features, the missile incorporates a Dual-band IIR Seeker, a miniaturized Reaction Control System, and integrated avionics.
  • Propulsion System:
    • The missile’s propulsion is facilitated by a dual-thrust solid motor, enhancing its operational efficiency.
  • Portability and Quick Deployment:
    • A key design aspect is the portability of both the missile and its launcher, ensuring swift deployment even in challenging terrains.

-Source:  India Today


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