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With Reference To Mughal India, What is/are The Difference/Differences Between Jagirdar and Zamindar?

With reference to Mughal India, what is/are the difference/differences between Jagirdar and Zamindar?

  1. Jagirdars were holders of land assignments in lieu of judicial and police duties, whereas Zamindars were holders of revenue rights without obligation to perform any duty other than revenue collection.
  2. Land assignments to Jagirdars were hereditary and revenue rights of Zamindars were not hereditary.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.(2019)

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 and 2

Answer: D

The Jagirdars were the king’s officials who enjoyed the land gifted from the King. They were the rank (mansab) holder given by the king called mansabdar. They were allotted non-inheritable land area equivalent to their fee amount called Jagir. The holder of land was termed as the Zamindar. They had the hereditary right over the land to claim a share in the peasant’s output other than land revenues. 

February 2024