170 DISTRICTS IDENTIFIED AS HOTSPOTS: HEALTH MINISTRY
April 17, 2020
Why in news?
Nearly one in five districts
in India is a hotspot, the Health Ministry said on 15th April 2020, a day that saw
at least 1,036 COVID-19 infections.
The government said it had
classified every district into a hotspot, potential hotspot or a green
Of India’s 736 districts, 170
were ‘hotspots’, defined as places with at least 15 confirmed infections
or where there was an exponential rise in cases.
District Magistrates had the
authority to declare regions as hotspots, and a protocol would be in place
to check how a district was performing in containing the spread of the
In order to break the chain
of transmission, focus needs to be on contact tracing, monitoring and
States have been asked to
uniformly implement the containment plan in every district across the
What is a Hotspot in the context of diseases?
Hotspots have been variously
described as areas of elevated incidence or prevalence, higher
transmission efficiency or risk, or higher probability of disease
The importance of spatial
clusters, or “hotspots,” in infectious disease epidemiology has been
increasingly recognized, and targeting hotspots is often seen as an
important component of disease-control strategies.
However, the precise meaning
of “hotspot” varies widely in current research and policy documents.