Why in news?

  • Nearly one in five districts in India is a hotspot, the Health Ministry said on 15th April 2020, a day that saw at least 1,036 COVID-19 infections.
  • The government said it had classified every district into a hotspot, potential hotspot or a green zone.
  • Of India’s 736 districts, 170 were ‘hotspots’, defined as places with at least 15 confirmed infections or where there was an exponential rise in cases.


  • District Magistrates had the authority to declare regions as hotspots, and a protocol would be in place to check how a district was performing in containing the spread of the virus.
  • In order to break the chain of transmission, focus needs to be on contact tracing, monitoring and clinical management.
  • States have been asked to uniformly implement the containment plan in every district across the country.

What is a Hotspot in the context of diseases?

  • Hotspots have been variously described as areas of elevated incidence or prevalence, higher transmission efficiency or risk, or higher probability of disease emergence
  • The importance of spatial clusters, or “hotspots,” in infectious disease epidemiology has been increasingly recognized, and targeting hotspots is often seen as an important component of disease-control strategies.
  • However, the precise meaning of “hotspot” varies widely in current research and policy documents.
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