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20th Anniversary of UNCAC

Context:

The year 2023 commemorates the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). The G20 actively engages in global anti-corruption efforts through its Anti-Corruption Working Group, discussing relevant topics in the B20 and SAI20 dialogues within the G20 Social track.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC)
  2. G-20 Anti-Corruption Working Group (ACWG)

United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC):

Inception and Activation:

  • Signed on December 9, 2003, in Mexico.
  • Entered into force on December 14, 2005.

International Anti-Corruption Day:

  • Established on December 9.
  • Proposed by the Brazilian delegation to the Convention.

Binding Multilateral Treaty:

  • Sole legally binding multilateral international anti-corruption treaty.

Convention’s Main Areas:

  • Preventive Measures.
  • Criminalization and Law Enforcement.
  • International Cooperation.
  • Asset Recovery.
  • Technical Assistance and Information Exchange.

Scope of Coverage:

  • Encompasses various forms of corruption.
  • Includes bribery, trading in influence, abuse of functions, and private sector corruption.

G-20 Anti-Corruption Working Group (ACWG):

Establishment:

  • Formed in June 2010.
  • Emerged from the Toronto Summit of G-20.

Focus Areas:

  • Concentrates on sharing effective strategies to combat corruption.
  • Addresses emerging challenges, including the use of new technologies in countering corrupt practices.

Leadership:

  • Chaired by the Presidency of the G20.
  • Accompanied by a co-chair.

-Source: G20


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