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Current Affairs 27 December 2019 for UPSC Exam

Contents

  1. NPR: HOUSE­TO­HOUSE VERIFICATION PLANNED
  2. BRAHMOS UPGRADE

NPR: HOUSE-TO-­HOUSE VERIFICATION PLANNED

  • The Union Government proposes to update the National Population Register (NPR), which already has an electronic database of more than 119 crore residents, by verifying the details of all respondents through house ­to house enumeration, according to an official manual for conducting the fresh NPR exercise.
  • The NPR exercise has become controversial because the Citizenship Rules, 2003, link the Population Register to the creation of a National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) or National Register of Citizens
Asking the right questions 
The manual details how an enumerator should collect information from a citizen: 
The person may be 
assisted to arrive at the 
correct year of birth 
by stimulating her/his 
memory with reference to 
any historical event, such 
as war, flood, earthquake 
or change in regime. 
Examples: 
First World War (1914- 
1918), Dandi March (1930), 
Quit India movement 
(1942). Independence 
(1947), war with China 
(1962). war with Pakistan 
(1965), liberation of 
Bangladesh (1971), Asian 
Games (1982), India's first 
win in the cricket world 
cup (1983), etc. 
• The year of birth/ 
age can also be 
ascertained with 
reference to 
the birth/ 
age of 
another 
person 
in the same 
household or in 
the neighbouring 
household or that of a 
well-known person in 
the village 
• If a woman is not 
aware of her age, you 
will have to further 
probe to estimate it. 
One way is to find 
the date of birth of 
her eldest living child 
and her age at the 
time she gave birth. 
Subtract her age 
at the time of 
birth of her child 
to get a fair 
estimate of her 
year of birth 
• If a woman is not 
able to tell her age 
at the time when the 
first child was bom, 
try to ascertain her 
age at the time of 
marriage and the 
interval between her 
marriage and the 
birth of her eldest 
child 
• If a woman does 
not know her age at 
marriage, try to find 
out the difference 
between her age and 
that of her husband 
whose year of birth 
may be known. 
Use this to record 
the woman's year 
of birth 
• If the respondent 
does not know the 
age of any member 
of the household and 
asking questions also 
does not help, you 
will have to estimate 
her/his age by using 
your best judgment

BRAHMOS UPGRADE

  • Brahmos is a cruise missile, with a capability to attain speeds of 2.8 Mach
  • Newer versions are aimed at flying in excess of 5 Mach – Hypersonic cruise missile

Backgrounder:

  • BRAHMOS is a joint venture between the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India (DRDO) and the NPOM of Russia.
Image result for brahmos missile
  • Brahmos is named on the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva.
  • It is a two-stage (solid propellant engine in the first stage and liquid ramjet in second) air to surface missile with a flight range of around 300 km.
  • However, India’s entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) has extended the range of the BRAHMOS missile to reach 450 km-600km, a shade above its current MTCR capped range of 300 km.
  • Brahmos is the heaviest weapon to be deployed on Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft, with a weight of 2.5 tonnes.
  • Brahmos is a multiplatform i.e it can be launched from land, air, and sea and multi capability missile with pinpoint accuracy that works in both day and night irrespective of the weather conditions.
  • It operates on the “Fire and Forgets” principle i.e it does not require further guidance after launch.
  • Brahmos is one of the fastest cruise missile currently operationally deployed with speed of Mach 2.8, which is 3 times more than the speed of sound.
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