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ABHYAS: High-Speed Expendable Aerial Target

Context:

Recently, India successfully tested the indigenously-designed Abhyas – a High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) – in Odisha.

  • The trial was carried out by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Odisha’s Chandipur.

Relevance:

GS III- Defence Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About ABHYAS
  2. Features of ABHYAS
  3. Uses of ABHYAS

About ABHYAS:

  • Created and designed by the DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE).
  • Under DRDO, ADE is a significant Aeronautical Systems Design Laboratory.
  • It is involved in the design and development of the state-of-the-art Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Aeronautical Systems and technologies to meet the requirements of the Indian Armed forces.

Features of ABHYAS:

  • It is powered by a gas turbine engine to sustain a long endurance flight at subsonic speed.
  • It is equipped with a MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems)-based Inertial Navigation System (INS) for navigation along with the Flight Control Computer (FCC) for guidance and control.
  • The vehicle is programmed for fully autonomous flight and their check-out is done using a laptop-based Ground Control Station (GCS).
  • Abhyas system is equipped with Radar Cross-Section (RCS) and infrared signatures which can be used to simulate a variety of aircraft for the practice of anti-aircraft warfare and also for the testing designed to target aerial targets.

Uses of ABHYAS:

  • It will be used as a target for the evaluation of various missile systems.
  • It offers a realistic threat scenario for practice of weapon systems.

-Source: Indian Express


 

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